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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
The deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth's surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain.
Cereal grain
A grass yielding grain for food.
Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing.
A machine that reaps, threshes, and cleans grain while moving over a field.
Commercial agriculture
Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
Grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season.
Crop rotation
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
Double cropping
Harvesting twice a year from the same field.
Seed of a cereal grass.
The growing of fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
The outer covering of a shell.
Intensive subsistance agriculture
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.
The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied.
Malay word for wet rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah.
Pastoral Nomadism
A form of susbsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
Grass or other plants grown for feeding grazing animals, as well as land used for grazing.
A large farm in tropical an dsubtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
Prime agricultural land
The most productive farmland.
A form of commercial agriculture in whcih livestock graze over an extansive area.
A machine that cuts grain standing in the field.
A flooded field for growing rice.
Seed agriculture
Reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds, which result from sexual fertilization.
Slash and burn agriculture
Another name for shiftin gcultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
Shifting cultivation
A form of susbistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one fielf to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
Spring wheat
Wheat platned in the spring and harvested in the late summer.
Subsistence agriculture
Agriculture designed primarily to provide food for direct consumption by the farmer and the farmer's family.
A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning.
To beat out grain from stalks by trampling it
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
Truck farming
Commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named becasue truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities.
Vegetative planting
Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants.
Wet rice
Rice planted on dryland in a nursery, then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth
To remove chaff by allowing it to be blown away by the wind.
Winter wheat
Wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early summer.