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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
One particular dialect of English, the one associated with upper class Britons living in the London area. Recognized as the standard form of British speech.
British Received pronunciation (BRP)
A language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Creole or creolized language
A regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunication.
Dialect
Combination of ebony and phonics.
Ebonics
Once in use but no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world.
Extinct Language
Represent ideas or concepts.
Ideograms
A word usage boundary
Isogloss
A language unrelated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family.
Isolated Language
A system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understands to have the same meaning.
Language
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago.
Language Branch
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed long before recorded history.
Language Family
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Language Group
A language of international communication.
Lingua Franca
A system of written communication
Literary tradition
Language used by the government ofr laws, reports, and public objects, such as road signs, money, and stamps.
Official Language
To communicate with speakers of another language, two groups construct a pidgin language by learning a few of the grammar rules and words of a lingua franca, while mixing in some elements of their own languages.
Pidgin Language
A combination of the languages Spanish and English.
Spanglish
A dialect that is well-established and widely recognized as the most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication.
Standard Language
The spoken form of Latin, opposite the standard literary form.
Vulgar Latin
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Animism
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
Autonomous Religion
A large and fundamental division within a religion.
Branch
The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
Caste
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
Cosmogony
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
Denomination
The basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church.
Diocese
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Ethnic Religion
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion.
Fundamentalism
During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to dentoe a section of a city in which members of any minority group live becasue of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Ghetto
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Hierarchical religion
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Missionary
The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
Monotheism
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
Pagan
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Pilgrimmage