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15 Cards in this Set

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Examples of Variability
1. Language/ways of speaking
2. Face paint/piercing
3. Body ornamentation
4. Clothing
5. Hairstyles
6. Ways of Acting (stance, posture, gesture, teeth/nose picking)
7. Cognizing the world (kinship/color terms)
8. Values (good/bad)- number of spouse, taking a life, social surgery on genitalia
Culture
Ways of:
1. acting (speaking, ornamenting, dressing)
2. cognizing the world (beliefs)
3. valuing the world
--insofar as they are socially learned and socially transmitted
[a form of motion through space and time by virtue of transmission between people]
Carriers/Vehicles
human-made material objects that facilitate movement of culture through the world
"a culture"
a set of abstract cultural elements (ways of acting, cognizing, valuing) that are shared within a given population
[social group is def. of arena of sharing]
multiculturalism
houses different cultures; recognizable sharing or circulation of culture
cultural relativity
[motion is relative;no absolute frame of reference]
--there is no absolute frame of reference from which all cultural elements can be judged; must view these elements in the context of the culture in which they occur
cultural relativity def.
you should try to evaluate another culture on its own terms, rather than in terms of your own culture
terrorism
cultural relativity doesn't demand one condone it; however suggests that we ask about the beliefs of those who do condone it; increase understanding
ethnocentrism
-judging another culture in terms of one's own
- not appreciating that there might be another point of view
culture shock
the disorientation one experiences after living for a prolonged period (a year or more) in a cultural context that is different from the context to which one is accustomed [field research, coming to college]
ethnography
description of the life or culture of a people
- from "ethnos"-people
"graphikos"-writing
--it is the process of doing fieldwork, living with a poeple for a prolonged period of time to understand what they are like "participant observation"
learn
1.to gain knowledge or understanding of a skill in by study,instruction, or experience
2. to develop an ability to or readiness for by practice, training, or repeated experience
3. to become aware
4. to acquire (as a skill or habit or a modification of an existing habit) through experience, practice or exercise
2 senses of learning
1. perpetuating something acquired in the past

2. acquiring something new that was not part of the past
Who learns?
1. individual humans or individuals of other species

2. social groups (especially of humans)
-nations
-occupational groups
-corporations
3. biological species
how does species learn?
1.selection--through experiences in the world

2. phenotypes--species is acquiring abilities

3. evolution--biological evolution is therefore a form of learning