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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Family
Group of people who are considered to be related in some way, for example by blood or marriage
Nuclear Family
impermanent, lasts only as long as the parents and children remain together...most people belong to at least two at different times
Family of Orientation
family in which one is born and grow up
Family of Procreation
formed when one marries and has children
Zadruga (alternative nuclear family)
from former Yugoslavia, extended family households, headed by a male household head and his wife, took precedence over its component units. Included married sons and their wives and children
Nayars (alternative nuclear family)
a large and powerful caste on the Malabar Coast of India, traditional kinship system was of matrilineal descent, live din compounds called tarawads whicc are residential complexes with several buildings headed by a senior woman
Family Isolation
isolation of the nuclear family from ancestors, arises from geographic mobility, associated with industrialism
Neolocality
married couples are expected to establish a new place of residence, "home of their own"
Expanded Family Households
typical of lower class, include nonnuclear relatives
Extended Family Households
when expanded family households include three or more generations. ex. zadgruga
Collateral Household
includes siblings and their spouses and their children, usually when nuclear family units are unable to survive economically on their own, pool resources
Plural Marriage
when a man weds two or more women
Fraternal Polyandry
when a woman weds a group of brothers, characteristic of certain Himalayan cultures
Genitor
biological father
Pater
socially recognized father
Exogamy
practice of seeking a mate outside one's own group, has adaptive value, pushes social organization outward, establishing and preserving alliances among groups
Incest
sexual relations with a relative, all cultures have taboos against it but the definition of kin is not universal
Endogamy
dictate mating or marriage within a group to which one belongs, less common, ex. members of ethnic or religious groups
Caste System
estreme case of endogamy, formally abolished in 1949 but structure still lingers, stratified groups in which membership is ascribed at birth, no intercaste sexual unions were permitted
Marriage Can... (Edmund Leach)
1. establish legal father
2. give either spouses monopoly in the sexuality of the other
3. give either spouses rights to the labor of the other
4. give either rights over others property
5. establishes a joint fund of property
6. establishes a socially significant relationship of affinity between spouses and their relatives
Maters
socially recognized mothers
Bridewealth
a customary gift before, at, or after marriage from the husband and his kin to the wife and her kin, aka brideprice, makes the children born to the woman full members of her husbands descent group
Progeny Price
same as bridewealth and brideprice, pays so that the children are permanently transferred to the husband's group
Dowry
marital exchange in which the wife's group provides substantial gifts to the husband's family, best known from India, correlates with low female status, women perceived as burdens
Plural Marriages
aka polygamy, nonindustrial food-producing societies allow it
Polygyny
a man has more than one wife
Polyandry
woman has more than one husband
Sororate
if a man marries a woman and she dies, he will ask for a substitute, his sister...no need to return the bridewealth
Levirate
a continuation marriage if a husband dies and the widow marries a man of the same group
Divorce
more common in matrilineal societies, a woman residing patrilocaly may be reluctant to leave
Polygamy in the US
marriage to more than one spouse at the same time is illegal in the United States, but serial monogamy is allowed