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105 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is an einzellagen?
Vineyard
What is a walled vineyard called?
Ortsteil
What is a monopole in German?
Alleinbesitz
What was the influence of Napoleon in German wine?
Seizure of vineyards from the church and the Napoleonic Code of Succession
How many different vineyard sites were in West Germany in the 1960's?
Over 30,000
Major reason for vineyard reorganization and registration in German Wine Law of 1971
What were the major effects of the German Wine Law of 1971?
Organizing 30,000+ vineyards into 2,600 registered vineyards with a min 5 hectares
Only exception is Doctor vineyard in Bernkastel (three proprietors shrunk boundaries to 8 acres in 1984)
What is the significance of Schloss Johannisberg?
Monastery in Rhiengau that "discovered" Spatlese in 1775
What is Edelfaule?
Noble rot
When was Auslese introduced?
1787 by Schloss Johannisberg
Was the English market important for German wine?
Yes. In 19th century best wines from the Rhine were called Hock in English markets and sold often over the prices of first growth Bordeaux
Why are German vineyards located so high up on slopes?
Demand for farmland in 1700's pushed vineyards up slopes
What is Muller-Thurgau?
Grape crossing created in Giesenheim in 1882
In late 1960's displaced Silvaner to become Germany's most planted grape
Thought to be a cross between Riesling x Silvaner, but recent testing says Riesling x Madeline Royale
What happened post-WWII in German wine?
Phylloxera, mildew, WWI, Great Depression and WWII shrunk domestic wine
Focused on higher yields from crosses planted on flat land for mechanical harvesting
What is Liebfraumilch?
Wine with 18th century origin
In 1980s 60% of German wine exports had this on label
Sweet, cheap, character-less wine usually from Muller Thurgau
No varietal labeling and often blended from across the country
What is the Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter?
Committee of top 200 producers, as voted on by their peers
What are the top white grapes in Germany?
Riesling
Muller Thurgau X
Silvaner
Grauburgunder (Pinot Gris)
Weisburgunder (Pinot Blanc)
Kerner X
Bacchus X
What are the top red grapes in Germany?
Spatburgunder
Dornfelder X
Blauer Portugeiser
Trollinger
Schwarzriesling (Pinot Munier)
What are the four major German wine categories?
Deutscher Wein
Landwein
Qualitatswein bestimmter Anbaugebite
Qualitatswein mit Pradikat
What are the levels of QmP wine?
Determined by levels of sugar at harvest on the Oechsle scale
Kabinett
Spatlese (late harvest)
Auslese (selection)
Beerenauslese (BA - berries selection)
Eiswein
Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA - dry berries selection)
What are some of the peculiarities of QmP wine?
Each anbaugebiete has its own minimum requirements for authorized grapes
Winemakers can declassify their wines from a higher QmP level to a lower one
What are the minimum alcohol levels for QmP wines?
7% (5.5% for BA, TBA and Eiswein)
What is Amtliche Prufungsnummer (AP Number)?
Set of five sets of numbers indicating that the wine has been approved by a tasting panel.
1st set is region
2nd set is commune
3rd set is bottler's code
4th set is unique code for the bottling
5th set is year in which the application was filed
What is Grosses Gewachs?
Used to indicate top level dry wines from selected sites (except Mosel and Rheingau)
What is trocken? Halbdtrocken?
Dry and off dry
What are the Anbaugebite of Germany?
Mosel
Ahr
Mittelrhein
Rheingau
Rheinhessen
Nahe
Pfalz
Hessische-Bergstrasse
Baden
Wurttemberg
Franken
Sachsen
Saale-Unstrut
When was the VDP founded?
1910 as the Verband Deutscher Naturweinversteigerer
Originally to promote unchaptalized wines
What is Charta?
Organization founded in 1984 to promote classic, dry style of Rheingau Riesling
Distinguished by an icon of three Roman arches
Assimilated into Rheingau branch of the VDP in 1999
What is the first tier of VDP wine? What are its requirements? When my they be released?
Created in 2002
Erste Lage - dry are Grosses Gewachs (Rheingau are Erstes Gewachs), sweet are labeled by Pradikat
Hand harvested with max yield of 50 hl/ha
Min must equiavlent of Spatlese
Grosses Gewachs whites may not be released until Sept 1 after harvest, reds get 1 more year of aging
Erste Lage Pradikats may be released May 1 after harvest
Einzellage must be on label and vineyard approved by VDP (stricter than German wine law's demarcation)
What is the second tier of VDP Classification?
Klassifizierte Lagenweine (classified sites)
Ortsweine (from specific regions or villages, but not grosslagen or bereiche)
max 65 hl/ha
Distinct from Grand Gru sites in Erste Lange
What is the third tier of VDP Classification? What are the criteria?
Gutswein
Basic house style of traditional grapes from a region
max 75 hl/ha
What are "Classic" German wines?
Labeling term selected by the German Wine Institute at Mainz for drier styles of wine
Introduced in 2000 vintage
Harmoniously dry with max 15 g/L RS
Single varietal and no vineyard mentioned on label
Min alcohol 12% (11.5% in Mosel)
What are "Selection" German wines? When were they introduced? What are the specs?
Labeling term selected by the German Wine Institute at Mainz for drier styles of wine
Introduced in 2000 vintage
Superior dry with max 9 g/L RS (12 g/L for Riesling)
Single varietal and vineyard
Min alcohol 12% (11.5% in Mosel)
Yields restricted to 60 hl/ha
Must weight equivalent to Auslese
Hand harvested
May not be released until Sept 1 after harvest
What are the typical characteristics of Mosel Kabinett Riesling?
Star bright with green apple, slate and candle wax
Rarely more than 8% alcohol
Racy, high acidity
What is the significance of a Goldkapsel on a German wine?
Indicates a Mosel Riesling, typically a reserve, with additional sweetness due to a higher must weight
What is a Lange Goldkapsel?
Longer golden capsule which indicates a richer bottling
What are the geographic levels of classification in German wine?
Anbaugebiet - Region (13)
Bereich - District (39)
Grosslage- Collective site (170)
Eincellage - Single vineyard (2600)
What does Erzeugerabfullung mean?
Estate wine from one grower or a cooperative of growers
What does Gutsabfullung mean?
Estate wine in which the estate grows, produces and bottles its own wine
What is region 1?
Ahr
What is region 3?
Franken
What is region 4?
Hessische Bergstrasse
What is region 6?
Mosel
What is region 7?
Nahe
What is region 8?
Pfalz
What is region 9?
Rheingau
What is region 11?
Saale-Unstrut
What is region 2?
Baden
What is region 5?
Mittelrhein
What is region 10?
Rheinhessen
What is region 12?
Sachsen
What is region 13?
Wurttemberg
What are the bereiche of the Mosel from upstream to downstream?
Moseltor
Obermosel
Saar
Ruwertal (Ruwer)
Bernkastel (Mittelmosel)
Burg Cochem (Terrassenmosel)
Where are the best vineyards in the Mosel located?
In Bernkastel (Mittelmosel), from the villages Trier to Zell
What are the villages of the Bernkastel (Mittelmosel)?
Trittenheim
Piesport
Brauneberg
Bernkastel-Kues
Graach-an-der-Mosel
Wehlen
Zeltingen-Rachtig
Urzig
Erden
What are the soils of the Mosel?
Dark blue Devonian slate (red slate near Erden)
Radiates heat on the vines when average temp is only 49F
What is the greatest vineyard of Piesport?
Piesporter Goldtropfchen (not to be confused with Piespoerter Michelsberg, an inferior vineyard)
What is the climate of the Saar?
Cooler than Bernkastel (Mittelmosel) due to higher altitude and less uniform soils (less of a warming effect)
Higher acid wines
What are the gemeinde of the Saar?
Wiltingen
Saarburg
What are the characteristics of the Ruwertal?
Cooler than Bernkastel (Mittelmosel) with gentler slopes
What are the gemeinde of the Ruwertal?
Eitelsbach
Metesdorf
What are the gemeinde of Burg Cochem?
Winningen
What is the significance of the Rheingau in German wine history?
Where modern viticulture first appeared
Earliest beneficiary of church influence
First vineyards to be demarcated
Height of German wine fame in 19th century
Origin of recent drive to produce noble dry Riesling (Charta)
What is the percentage of Riesling in Rheingau?
80%, higher than any other anbaugebiet
What are the bereiche of Rheingau?
Johannisberg
What are the gemeinde of the Rheingau from upstream to downstream?
Hoccheim am Main
Eltville
Kiedrich
Erbach
Hallgarten
Hattenheim
Winkel
Johannisberg
Rudesheim
Assmanshausen
What is the climate of the Rheingau in comparison to Rhein?
Warmer than areas on the Rhein to the south
Steep slope provides good exposure
What are the soils of the Rheingau?
Upper slopes - slate
Lower slopes - mixture of clay, loess, alluvial sand and slate
What is the style of Riesling from the Rheingau?
More powerful, rounder style of Riesling than the Mosel
Fuller in body, more concentration, more balanced acidity
1/2 of production is dry
Traditionally uses the Rheingauer Flote (brown bottle)
Where is the production of red located in the Rheingau?
Assmanshausen
Where is the Rheinhessen located?
Directly south of the Rheingau, bordered by the Rhine river to the north and east, the Nahe to the west and the Pfalz to the south
How much land is under cultivation in the Rheinhessen?
26,000 ha
More land than any other angaugebiet
What is the most planted grape in the Rheinhessen?
As of 2008, Muller Thurgau
Where is Liebfraumilch typically from?
Rheinhessen
What are the bereiche of the Rheinhessen?
Nierstein
Wonnegau
Bingen
What are the gemeinde of Nierstein from upstream to downstream?
Oppenheim
Nierstein
Nackenheim
What are the gemeinde of Wonnegau from upstream to downstream?
Florsheim-Dalsheim
Westhofen
What is Pfalz? What is the terrior?
Natural continuation of Alsace in Germany
Rain shadow effect by the Haardt Mountains
Similar climate to Alsace
Complex soil makeup of sandstone, limestone, basalt, granite and alluvial gravel
What are the bereiche of the Pfalz?
Sudliche Weinstrasse
Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse
What are the gemeinde of Mittelhaardt-Deutsche Weinstrasse in the Pfalz from upstream to downstream?
Ruppertsberg
Deidesheim
Forst
Wachenheim
Bad Durckheim
Ungstein
Kallstadt
Where are the best vineyards in the Pfalz?
Forst
What are the bereiche of Nahe?
Nahetal
What are the gemeinde of Nahetal from upstream to downstream?
Schlossbockelheim
Oberhausen
Niederhausen
Norheim
Bad Munster
Bad Kreuznach
What is the style of wine in the Nahe?
Riesling based, generally sweet and between Mosel and Rheingau in style
What are the features of the Ahr?
Northernmost wine region dedicated to red (88%)
10th in overall size for anbaugebiete
Terraced vineyards sheltered from winds by Eifel mountains
Rocky, volcanic slate
What are the bereiche of Ahr?
Walporzheim-Ahrtal
What are the gemeinde of Walporzheim-Ahrtal?
Klosterberg
What are the reds of the Ahr like?
Pinot Noir
Light in color
Bright acidity
Red fruit
Lean structure
What are the bereiche of Franken?
Maindreiech
Mainviereck
Steigerwald
What are the gemeinde of Maindreieck?
Wurzburg
Escherndorf
What are the gemeinde of Steigerwald?
Iphofen
What are the features of the Franken? What are the main varietals? What is their style of wine? How is it bottled?
Centered along Main river flowing westward from Bamberg to Frankfurt
Produces a lot of beer
Silvaner and Muller Thurgau thrive
Almost all Franken wine is dry
Some Spatburgunder and Fruhburgunder (early ripening strain of Pinot Noir)
Traditionally bottled in bocksbeutel (squat, flask-shaped bottle)
What are the bereiche of the Mittelrhein?
Siebengebirge
Lorelei
What are the features of the Mittelrhein?
Narrow anbaugebiet following the Rhine northward pass Assmanshausen and Lorch in the Rheingau
Steep slate riverslopes with Riesling
80% of wine is trocken or halbtrocken
What are the bereiche of the Hessische-Bergstrasse?
Starkenburg
Umstadt
What are the features of the Hessische-Bergstrasse?
One of the smallest angaugebiete
Only region without a VDP Erste Lage site
What are the bereiche of Baden?
Badische-Bergstrasse Kraichgau
Bodensee
Breisgau
Kaiserstuhl
Markgraferland
Ortenau
Tauberfranken
Tuniberg
What are the features of Baden?
One of Germany's larger anbaugebiete
Covers large area along French border
Has a separate zone along the Swiss border to the south on the border of Lake Boden
Dominated by mass production and cooperatives
Produces weissherbst
What are the bereiche of Wurttemberg?
Wurttembergisch Unterland
Wruttembergisch Bodensee
Kocher-Jagst-Tauber
Oberer Neckar
Remstal-Stuttgart
Bayerischer Bodensee
What are the features of Wuttemberg?
One of Germany's larger anbaugebiete
Covers large area south of Franken
Has a separate zone along the Swiss border to the south on the border of Lake Boden
Dominated by mass production and cooperatives
Produces Schillerwein
What is schillerwein?
Rose popular in Wurttemberg
Made by cofermentation of white and red grapes
What is weissherbst?
Sagnee rose
What are the bereiche of Sachsen?
Elstertal
Dresden
Meissen
What are the bereiche of Saale-Unstrut?
Schlossneuenbburg
Thuringen
What are the features of Sachsen?
Added after reunification
Located in the Elbe River valley
Germany's smallest wine growing region
Muller Thurgau is most planted grape
Glosriesling, aromatic cross developed in Alsace, is a local speciality
What are the features of the Saale-Unstrut?
Confluence of the Saale and Unstrut rivers
Germany's most northern wine region
Muller Thurgau and Weisburgunder are common