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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A vowel produced with the tongue positioned toward the back of the mouth.
Back Vowel
A vowel produced with the tongue positioned in the center of the mouth; for example, the first vowel in upon.
Central Vowel
A vowel located at any one of the four points of the vowel quadrilateral
Corner or point vowel
Partial loss of r coloring from a normally rhotacized vowel
a vowel-like sound that serves as a syllable nucleus and involves a gradual transition from one vowel articulation (onglide) to another (offglide)
Alteration of a pure vowel (or monophthong) to a dynamic articulation of changing vowel quality.
A vowel produced with the tongue positioned near the front of the mouth.
Front vowel
A vowel produced with the tongue in a high (superior) position
High Vowel
A vowel that is relatively short in duration as is assumed to be produced with a relatively relaxed vocal tract musculature.
Lax or short vowel
A vowel produced with the tongue in a low (inferior) position
Low vowel
a pure vowel; that is, a vowel of essentially unchanging phonetic quality throughout its duration
Alteration of a diphthong to a pure vowel; that is, loss of the dynamic phonetic quality of a dipthong
A vowel produced with nasal resonances, usually because of an open velopharnyx
nasalized vowel
the terminal vowel or vocal tracct shape of a diphthong
the initial vowel or vocal tract shape of a diphthong