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64 Cards in this Set

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-able
-ible*

*Changes the part of speech from a noun to an adjective.
capable of
Example: remarkable
-ac
pertaining to

-ase
enzyme
Example: amylase
-algia
pain
Example: myalgia
-cele
hernia (protrusion of organ through its containing wall)
Example: cystocele
-centesis
procedure to aspirate fluid
Example: paracentesis
-ectasia
-ectasis
dilation
Example: telangiectasia
-ectomy
excision
removal
Example: appendectomy
-edema
swelling
Example: lymphedema
-emesis
vomiting
Example: hematemesis
-emia
blood
Example: anemia
-genic
-genesis (Adjectival ending)
beginning
producing
Example: osteogenic
-gram
record
Example: cholangiogram
-graph
instrument for recording
Example: polygraph
-graphy
process of recording
Example: echocardiography
-ia
-iasis
condition
Example: psoriasis
-ism
condition
Example: botulism
-ist
one who
Example: psychologist
-itis
inflammation
Example: pancreatitis
-kinesia
-kinesis
movement
motion
Example: hypokinesis
-logist
specialist
Example: radiologist
-logy
study of
Example: pathology
-lysis
lossening
freeing
breaking apart
destroying
Example: adhesiolysis
-lytic

(Note the adjectival ending attached to this suffix. When determining which of the two suffixes, -lysis or -lytic, is the appropriate answer, decide if the word it creates is a noun or an adjective. Remember, -tic/-ic is the ending which means "pertaining to" or "characterized by" & it is the adjectival ending. Thus, if the suffix is "lysis," the term is a noun; if it is "lytic," the term is an adjective. For example: the process of breaking down into its component parts is "analysis." Pertaining to breaking down into its component parts is "analytic."
pertaining to destruction
Example: hemolytic
-malacia
softening
Example: chondromalacia
-mania
preoccupation
Example: pyromania
-megaly
enlargement
Example: cardiomegaly
-meter
instrument to measure
Example: glucometer
-metry
process of measuring
Example: geometry
-oid
resembling
Example: adenoid
-oma
tumor
Example: lymphoma
-opia
vision
Example: diplopia
-ose
sugar
glucose
-osis
condition

(This particular meaning of condition is usually abnormal; in particular, it means proliferation or an increased number of. For example; a diverticulum is a process in the abdomen. If there are several diverticula present, the patient is said to have diverticulosis.)
Example: ptosis
-ous
pertaining to
characterized by
Example: mucous
-pathy
disease or abnormality
Example: adenopathy
-penia
deficiency
Example: osteopenia
-pexy
surgical fixation
Example: cystopexy
-phagia
-gic
-gy
eating
swallowing
Example: dysphagia
-phasia
speech
Example: dysphasia
-phobia
abnormal fear
Example: agoraphobia
-plasty
surgical repair
Example: arthroplasty
-plegia
paralysis
Example: paraplegia
-rrhage
-rrhagia
excessive flow or discharge
Example: hemorrhage
-rrhaphy
suture
Example: herniorrhaphy
-rrhea
flow or discharge
Example: diarrhea
-rrhexis
rupture
Example: capsulorrhexis
-sclerosis
hardening
Example: atherosclerosis
-scopy
examination with an instrument
Example: colonoscopy
-spasm
twitching
Example: bronchospasm
-stasis
stopping
Example: hemostasis
-stomy
forming of an opening
Example: tracheostomy
-tome
an instrument for cutting
Example: osteotome
-tomy
incision (cutting into)
Example: craniotomy
-tripsy
surgical crushing
Example: lithotripsy
-trophic*

-trophy

*When placed with a root, -trophic creates an adjective.
nutrition
hypertrophy
-al
pertaining to
Example: fundal
-an
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
-ive
pertaining to
-tic

(Changes the part of speech its attached to from a noun to an adjective)
pertaining to
Example: pancreactic