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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ethnocentrism
The expression in actions or judgments of a particular cultures viewpoint as being superior.
Westernization
US influence globally on dress, lifestyle and outlook.
Influence of west on the non-west.
Global Perspective
Sensitivity to diversity, understanding and appreciation of other cultures. avoiding ethnocentric bias.
Technology
Techniques used to construct objects.
Ethnocentric Bias
Viewing one’s own culture’s Practices,Values,Appearance as better than anothers.
Ideology
Beliefs, attitudes, and values
Set of rules to DEFINE good and bad, right and wrong.
Purdah
Rules regarding how women can dress when they are out in public in Islamic cultures
Social Structure
How humans organize themselves into groups/Assigning roles
What are the two types of Culture
ABSTRACT (NONMATERIAL) and MATERIAL
Dress involves both types
What is Abstract Culture?
ideal, religion, anything that is not material that has to do with the culture
what is Material Culture?
the material part of the culture
what is the definition of dress
An assemblage of modifications of the body and/or supplements to the body
Types of dress
>Body modification
>Body supplements
Body modifications
>Body color
>Body texture
>Body shape
Examples of Body Modifications
Transformation of...
>Skin
>Hair
>nails
>muscular/skeletal system
>Teeth
>Breath (odor)
Body Supplements
The envelopment and covering of the body or some part of the body.
Early theories of why humans dress.
>adornment
>Protection
>Modesty
>Immodesty
Modern theory as to why humans dress
Communication
>personal identity
>Social information
Adornment types
Corporal and External
Corporal Adornment
Cicatrisation (scarification)
Tattooing
Contortion
Removal of Body Parts
Piercing
External Adornment
The envelopment and covering of the body or some part of the body.

Paint and Make-Up
Proprioceptive
Intrinsic
Sartorial
Local
Purpose of Adornment
display
attraction
aesthetic expression
belonging
What type of adornment is both external and corporate.
Hair Styling
Cultural Learning
Socialization- Internal taught to members of a culture.

Diffusion- Spread from one culture to another.
Cultural Standards dictate how a person may adorn the body, and may in turn...
Limit a persons choices.

Acceptance by society (SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE)
The form that cultural standards take differ from culture to culture.
What are some Global Cultural Standards
Cleanliness, Health, and youth
Dress Protects Humans from
Elements, Animals and Supernatural forces.
What are the two types of Protection
Psychological and physical.
Psychological protection
Gain protection or assistance from unseen forces.
Physical Protection
Protection from weather, animals, other humans and disease.
PHYSICAL VS. PSYCHOLOGICAL Protection.
Physical a secondary function

Psychological or supernatural primary (related to adornment)
Modesty
Having a regard for decencies of behavior or dress.
>Concealing body parts
>Different across cultures
>Response universal within a specific culture
>Associated with shame


Contemporary Western society
between ages 3 and 5
Two Kinds of nudity
Unconscious Nudity
Conscious Nudity
Immodesty
>Reveal Body Parts
>Sexual Attraction
>Direct Attention
>Not a widely used theory
Modesty and Imodesty
>Complex
>Context-bound
>Secondary motives
Communications
>Transmission of information and ideas by symbols
>Communication is a Result of dress
Perception
Process of Sensing data and Transmitting to the brain
Person Perception
The way we learn and think about other individuals
>Characteristics
>Intentions
>Inner states
Processes of Person Perception
>First Impressions
>Stereotypes
Precision
Stability = Increased Precision
Change = Decreased Precision
Types of Economic Systems
Subsistence Economies
Barter Economies
Centrally Planned Economies
Market Economies
SUBSISTENCE ECONOMIES
Pre-industrial societies
Family or clan govern
Group meets own needs
Homogeneous (similar) dress
BARTER ECONOMIES
Less group isolation
Family primary social unit
Product(s) or service(s) traded
Dress is created by:
>Simple spinning/weaving
>processing Simple construction
CENTRALLY-PLANNED ECONOMIES
Government determines:
>production &
>distribution of goods
Production exceeds need
Workforce is needed
Dress:
>Infrequent changes in styles
>Fabric production limited
>Fashion change avoided
MARKET ECONOMIES
Free market forces
Supply and demand
Technologically advanced societies:
>Mass production, distribution
>Mass marketing,communication
Dress:
>Based on Fashion Cycle
>Waste valued
What is Proprioceptive?
An object that is warn to increase the size or scale of the body
Intrinsic
an item of dress that has special value
sartorial
decoration applied directly to cloathing like beadwork or embrodery.
local
an item the draws attention to a specfic place on the body. like a neckless would draw attention to your neck