Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
peacekeeping role of the police
the legitimate right of police to use force in situations in which urgency requires it.
a means of deploying police offiers that gives them responsibility for policing activity in a defined area and that usually requires them to make regular circuits of that area.
kansas city experiment
tried three methods-
1. normal- single car cruising the streets
2. proactive- increasing number of preventive patrol and police visibility
3. reactive- virtual elimination of cruising cars.

findings: police aptrol was not deterring crime
clearance rate
the proportion of crimes that result in arrest
community policing
a collaborative effort between the police and the community to ID the problems of crime and disorder and to develp solutions from within the community.
police discretion
the freedom to choose among a variety of alternatives in conducting police operations
full enforcement
the tenacious enforcement of every statute in the criminal codes
police subculture
the values and behavior patterns charactristic of experienced police officers.
police cynicism
the notion, developed by many officers, that all people are motivated by evil and selfishness.
fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine
evidence seozed illegally is considered "tainted" and cannot be used against the suspect
silver platter doctrine
(weeks v US) permitted federal prosecutors to use evidence obtained by state agents through unreasonable search and seizure provided that the evidence was obtained w/o federal participation and was turned over to federal officals.
police corruption
misconduct by police officers in the forms of illegal activities for economic gain and accepting gratuities, favors, or payment for services that poilice are sworn to carry out as part of their peacekeeping role.
police presence
the almost continuous presence of police offers in a place of buisiness for the crime deterrent effects it affords.
the society at large explanation
the slippery slpe hypootheses- corruption beginnning with apparently halmless and well-intentioned practices
The structural explanation
police begin to see corrupt officers higher up in their department
the bad apple explanation
corruption is the result of a few rotten officers working on their own.
police brutality
the unlawful use of physical force by officers in the performance of their duties
police professionalism
the notion that brutality and corruption are incompetent policing
dual court system
courts at the state and federal level.
courts of record
courts in which a full transcript of the proceedings is made for all cases.
writ of mandamus
a command issued by a court to perform a certain duty.
writ of certiorari
a writ issued by the supreme court ordering some lower court to 'forward up the record" of a case it has tried so the High Court can review it.
rule of four
the decision of at least four Supreme Court justices that a case merits consideration by the full court.