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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oxygen
first line drug for all emergency situations
Nitroglycerin
Dilates peripheral vessels decreasing preload and afterload, reduces blood pressure • Also dilates coronary arteries- used for chest pain
Morphine sulfate
narcotic analgesic to treat chest pain associated with MI and acute PE. Relieves pain and reduces anxiety, dilates venous vessels and reduces cardiac workload.
Atropine sulfate
anticholinergic to treat bradycardia, heart block and asytole
Isoproterenol (Isuprel)
to increase heart rate after the maxiumum dose of atropine, dopamine and
epinephrine
Adenosine (Adenocard; Adenoscan)
antidysrhythmic to treat PSVT
Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin)
antidysrhythmic to treat supraventricular tachydysrhythmias
Diltiazem (Cardizem, Lyo-Ject, Dilacor XR, Tiamate, Tiazac)
antidysrhythmic to treat PSVT, Afib/
flutter (with increased rate)
Lidocaine
antidsyrhythmic to treat ventricular dysrhythmias
Procainamide (Procan; Pronestyl)
antidsyrhythmic to treat atrial, ventricular and supraventicular
dysrhythmias
Magnesium sulfate
to correct body depletions and dysrhythmias
Epinephrine
sympathominetic to treat profound↓HR, asystole, pulseless ventricular tachycardia
and ventricular fibrillation (PVT and VF)
Sodium bicarbonate
to treat metabolic acidosis
Mannitol (Osmitrol)
osmotic diuretic to treat edema of CNS and other conditions
Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol)
glucocorticoid to treat edema of CNS and other conditions
Naloxone (Narcan)-
opiate antagonist
Flumazenil (Mazicon, Romazicon)
valium antidote
Activated charcoal
to treat poisoning (absorbs ingested toxins in GI tract & prevents absorption
body)
Dopamine
to treat hypotension; low dose ↑urine output
Dobutamine
to treat shock states with ↓CO (↑BP D/T ↑CO – no vasoconstriction)
Norepinephrine (Levophed)
to treat hypotension
Epinephrine
to treat anaphylactic shock
Sodium nitroprusside (Nipride)
antihypertensive to treat hypertensive crisis
Furosemide (Lasix)
loop diuretic