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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Body of law based on custom and court decisions.
What is Common Law?
Developed in England from a collection of the most just laws in each part of England.
Document that tells the basic laws and principles that govern the United States
What is the Constitution of the United States? p. 11
Purposes: Establishing legitimacy of new Gov., create approp. structures, describe & distribute power, limits gov. powers, and allows for change in laws.
In keeping with the principles of the Constitution.
What is Constitutional?
p. 11
Supports themes of Voting Rights, Civil Rights, Women & Political Power, Immigration & Migration, et. al.
Legal steps that must be followed by the government to protect the rights of an accused person.
What is Due Process of Law?
1st developed with the Magna Carta 1215 to protect civil & political liberties.
Doubt that a reasonable person might have after a fair look at the evidence.
What is "beyond a reasonable doubt"?
p. 11.
The extent to which the jury must be sure of the defendant's guilt.
Court order that prevents person from being held in jail illegally.
What is a "Writ of Habeas Corpus"? p. 11.
Latin term for "You have the body" One must be charged with a crime to be held in jail.
Found guilty by a court of law.
What is Convicted? p.14
The person was convicted of the crime of Theft.
Agencies that punish or help people convicted of committing crimes.
What are Corrections?
Ex. juvenile detention centers, jails, prisons.
Branch of government concerned with people accused of crimes.
What are Courts?
p. 14.
Ex. Local, Trial/Superior, Intermediate Appellate, State
Supreme Court/ State Court of Appeals, & U. S. Supreme Court.
Appearance in court before a trial.
What is a Hearing? p.`14
A person convicted of a crime.
What is an Offender?
p. 14
Agency that enforces law, maintains public order.
What is the Police? p. 14.
To help to return to society.
What is Rehabilitate? p. 14.
Person believed to have committed a crime.
What is a Suspect? p. 14.
Tell in court what you know about a case.
What is Testify? p. 14