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20 Cards in this Set

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1983 lawsuit
civil suit brought under Title 42, Section 1983, of the US Code against anyone denying others their constitutional right tolife, liverty, or property without due process of law
watchman style
style of policing marked by a concern for order maintenance. this style of policing is characteristic of lower-class communities where informal police intervention into the lives of residents is employed in the service of keeping the peace
community policing
"a collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the serach for solutions to these problems"
problem-solving policing
style of policing that assumes that many crimes are caused by existing social condistions within the community and that crimes can be controlled by uncovering and effectively addressing underlying social problems. problem-solving policing makes use of other community resources, such as counseling centers, welfare programs, and job-training facilities. it also attempts to involve citizens in the job of crime prevention through education, negotiation, and conflict management
police subculture
particular set of values, beliefs, and acceptable forms of behavior characteristic of American police with which the police profession strives to imbue new recruits. socialization into the police culture commences with recruit training and continues thereafter
police management
administrative activites of controlling, directing, and coordinating police poersonel, resources, and activities in the service of crime prevention, the apprehension of criminals, the recovery of stolen property, and the performance of a variety of regulatory and helping services
internal affairs
branch of a police organization taked with incestigating charges of wrongdoing againstmembers of the department
service style
style of policing marked by a concern with helping rather than strict enforcement. service-oriented agencies are more likely to take advantage of community resources, such as drug-treatment programs, than are other types of departments
Bivens action
civil suit, based upon the case of Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal Agents, brought against federal government officials for denying the constitutional rights of others
team policing
reorganization of conventional patrol strategies into "an integrated and versatile police team assigned to a fixed district"
police professionalism
increasing formalization of police work and theaccomplanyingrise in public acceptance of the police. any profession is characterized by a specialized body of knowledge and a set of internal guidelines which hold members of the profession accountable for their actions. a well-focused code of theics, equitable recruitment and selection practices, andinformed promotional strategies among many agencies contribute to the growing level of professionalism amoung American police agencies today
police-community relations (PCR)
area of emerging police activity that stresses theneed fo the community and the police to work together effectively and that emphasizes the notion that the police derive their legitamacy from the community they serve. PCR began to be of concern to many police agencies in the 1960s and 1970s
Knapp Commission
committee that investigated police corruption in New York City in the early 1970s
legalistic style
style of policing marked by a strict concern with enforcing the precise letter of the law. legalisstic departments may take a hands-off approach to otherwise deisruptive or problematic forms of behavior that are not violations of the criminal law
police working personality
all aspects of the traditional values and patterns of behavior evidenced by police officers who have been effectively socialized ino police subculture. characteristics of the police personality often extend to the personal lives of law enforcement personnel
strategic policing
style of policing that retains the traditional police goal of professional crime fighting but enlarges the enforcement target to include nontraditional kinds of criminials, such as serial offenders, gangs and criminal associations, drug-distribution networks, and sohpisticated white-collar and computer criminals. strategic policing generally makes use of innovative enforment techniques, including intelligence operations, undercover stings, electronic surveillance, and sophisticated forensic methods
corruption
deciation from an accepted ethical standard of behavior
discretion
opportunity that individual law enforment officers have for the exercise of choice in their daily activities
Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST)
all states set standards for police training and education, although not all use the term POST
police ethics
special responsibility for adhering to moral duty and obligation that is inherent in police work