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48 Cards in this Set

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eckphrasis
description of an art in poetry Ex. Eavan Boland's "The Photograph on My Father's Desk
Acrostic Poem
Poem, usually with no rhyme or meter that uses the first letter of every line to spell out something. Ex. Nancy Weaver
Boys!
Are better busied
Slinging bats and stealing bases;
Even measuring odds,
Batting averages
Angles and trajectory and ...
Losers, unknown to composers of
Lovely concertos.
scansion
shows the counting that remains constant in a line of feet

Trochee
foot that is a louder syllable followed by a softer Ex. HAPPy
Iamb
foot that is a softer syllable followed by a louder one. Ex. desPAIR
Anapest
type of foot that has two softer syllables followed by a ouder one: in the HOUSE
epigram
short, pithy, witty and conclusive poem
Allusion
Reference to history, a literary work, ideas, or myth. Ex. William Blake's "A Sick Rose" alludes to Shakespeare's line "Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds"
epic
Long narrative poem, often in blank verse, and used to be historical records
Alliteration
Repeating beginning consonant sounds of words. Ex. Frost's "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"

"He gives His Harness bells a shake"
English/Shakespearean/Elizabethan Sonnet
14 lines of iambic pentameter
abab
cdcd
egeg
gg
Terza rima
repeating 3 line stanza in a "weaving" pattern
aba
bcb
cdc
Foot
the repeated pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in a poem and / or line.
Villanelle
lines that repeat in tercet rhyme. last line is quatrain
abc Ex. Do not Go Gentle into
cde that Good Night
afg Edward Thomas
chi
akl
End-stopped line
When the sense pauses or stops at the end of the line. Ex. Milton-"Brought death into the world, and all our woe..."
Assonance
Repetition of Vowel sounds
Ex.Keats "Ode to a Nightengale": But, in embalmed darkness, guess EACH SWEET"
reversed foot
a foot in a line that is backwards than the other feet in the line/poem.
/~ ~/ ~/ ~/
Caesura
A pause within a line
Ex. Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit.
Milton, paradise lost
onomatopoeia
a descriptive word that sounds like the think it describes Ex. boom, swish
Consonance
same consonance sounds found anywhere in the word.
Italian/Petrarchian Sonnet
14 lines iambic pentameter
abbaabba
cdecde (or so)
Concrete Poetry
A poem that is visually pleasureable as well as auditorily pleasurable. What the poem looks like is connected to the meaning of the poem.
epic
Long narrative poem, often in blank verse, and used to be historical records Ex. Homer's "Iliad"
Conceit
complex, unlikely metaphor that still makes sense.

Ex. Donne's The Flea
enjambment
when the sense runs over the end of a line. Ex. Milton "With loss of Eden, till one greater Man/Restore us
couplet
two lines that rhyme or 2 line stanzas
Prose Poem
poems written in paragraphs. Shares most of the qualities of poetry (images, metaphores), with no real action or plot
Blank Verse
iambic pentameter without rhyme

Ex. Spencer's The Faery Queen
simile
comparison using like or as
Ballad
Narrative poem in quatrains, usually rhymes:
tetrimeter,trimeter, tetrimeter,trimeter
Ex. Sir Patrick Spens
The king has written a braid letter,
And signd it wi his hand, 10
And sent it to Sir Patrick Spence
Was walking on the sand.
Spenserian Sonnet
14 lines iambic pentameter
abab
bcbc
cdcd
ee
dactyl
a foot that has a louder syllable followed by two softer ones Ex. CHANGEable
Syllabic verse
poem whose lines are based on different syllable length (ex. haiku) Ex. Marian Moore's "The Monkeys"
Dramatic Monologue
long poem usually in blank verse and is from the perspective of one particular character Ex. Robert Browning "My Last Dutchess"
Spondee
a foot of two equally heavy accents
Diction
choice and use of words in speech or writing
meter
count of syllables that usually com e in pairs, and one is louder than the other
English/Shakespearean/Elizabethan Sonnet
14 lines of iambic pentameter
abab
cdcd
efef
gg
Lyric
short, imagistic poem
rhythm
an approximate recurrence or repetition in the pacing of sound
Haiku
Japanese created syllabic poem that goes in syllable lines of 5/7/5
sestina
end words repeat in a different order for every stanza. 6 line stanzas/ change order 6 X
metaphor
comparison without using like or as
rhyme scheme
the repeated order of rhyming words
Narrative poem
poem, usually long, that tells a story.
Quatrain
Stanza of four lines
aaaa, abab, abca, aabb, abba, and so on
symbol
person, place, object, or event that comes to standfor something other than what it is, usually something more than it is, and for a class of events or relationships.
tercet
3 line stanza