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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Olfactory
C.N. I
Type: Sensory
Smell
Assess: Hold soap, coffee, or alcohol pad under nose & ask to identify
Optic
II
Sensory
Visual
Assess: snellen chart; newspaper/magazine - have them read it; or ask what they see in their room
Oculomotor
III
Motor
Contracts eye muscles to control eye movements; constricts pupil; elevates eyelid.
Assess: use penlight to assess for PERRLA
Trochlear
IV
Motor
Contracts one eye muscle to control inferomedial eye movement (below & center)
Assess: PERRLA/follow finger as you point down
Trigeminal
V
Sensory & Motor
Carries impulse of pain, touch, & temperature from face to brain
(clenching & lateral jaw movements)
Assess: Clench teeth, Palpate temporal & masseter muscle, perform sharp/dull test on forehead, cheeks,& chin
Abducens
VI
Motor
Lateral eye movements
Assess: positions test/follow finger or penlight with eyes, without moving head
Facial
VII
Sensory & Motor
Taste on anterior 2/3 of tongue (sweet & salty); stimulates salivary glands & tears; smiling, frowning, & closing eyes
Assess: Smile, frown, raise eyebrows, puff out cheeks
Acoustic/Vestibulocochlear
VIII
Sensory
Sensory fibers for hearing and balance
Assess: whisper test, weber test, rinne test
Glossopharyngeal
IX
Sensory & Motor
Taste on posterior 3rd of tongue (sour & bitter) & sensory fibers of pharynx, elicits gag reflex; secretory fibers to parotid glands/swallowing movements
Assess: Tongue depressor, look at uvula & soft palate & say "AH"; warn client: touch depressor to pharnyx (gag); drink water
Vagus
X
Sensory & Motor
Sensations from throat, larynx, heart, lungs, bronchi, G.I. tract, & abdominal viscera; promotes swallowing, talking, & production of digestive juices
Assess: same as glossopharyngeal
Spinal Accessory
XI
Motor
Inner neck muscles (SCM,trapezius) that promote movement of shoulders & head rotation; some movement of larynx
Assess: shrug shoulders against resistance; turn head rt & lt against resistance
Hypoglossal
XII
Motor
Innervates tongue muscle that promotes movement of food & talking
Assess: stick out tongue, move to rt & lt against depressor (look for tremors); have them say "L,T,D,N"