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38 Cards in this Set

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plan that provided for an intercolonial government and a system for collecting taxes for the colonies' defense
Albany Plan of the Union
Why was the Albany Plan rejected?
colonists did not want to relinquish control of their right to tax themselves and didn't want to unite themselves under a single legislature
How long was the Seven Years' War fought
Nine years (no this is not a typo)
After the treaty of the Seven Years' war, what did the French keep?
Two sugar islands
What planted anti-British sentiment in America?
Watching the conduct of the British army during the Seven Years' War
Who did the Native Americans ally themselves with in the war? Why?
French. They expected them to win the war and they were the lesser of two evils
What did the Townshend Acts contain?
-taxed goods from Britain (first time there was this kind of tax)
-paid tax collectors with some tax money
-more vice-admiralty courts and new government offices
-suspended New York legislature
-instituted writs of assistance
What were the Townshend Acts named for?
The minister after William Pitt, Charles Townshend
licenses that gave the British the power to search any place they suspected of hiding smuggled goods
writs of assistance
What was new about the tax products of pre-revolution?
First time "commoners" protested
What happened for the next two years after the Townshend Acts?
Nothing
What were the Coercive Acts? (Intolerable Acts)
-closed Boston Harbor until debt for tea is repaid
-lightened control over Massachusetts government and courts
-quarter soldiers
What did the Quebec Acts do?
-granted greater liberties to Catholics
-extended boundary of Quebec territory
How did the French react to British moving into Ohio Valley?
fortified outposts at strategic entry spots
Who replaced Rockingham?
William Pitt
Who replaced Grenville?
Lord Rockingham
Why did the Native Americans like the French better?
-English expansion was more disruptive
-raised price on goods sold
-ceased paying rent
act which asserted the British government's right to tax and legislate anywhere in the colonies
Declaratory Act
How did the British government respond to the Native American attacks on colonists as they expanded?
Proclamation of 1763
How did the British government directly stop Pontiac's Rebellion?
germ warfare
What were the views on the Seven Years' War debt?
-George III and Grenville: colonists should help pay debt
-Colonists: felt they had fulfilled obligation by quartering soldiers
established a number of new duties and also contained provisions aimed at deterring molasses smugglers
Sugar Act of 1764
Why were colonists not upset at previous taxes?
smuggling was common practice and little revenue from taxes were actually collected
What REALLY angered the colonists about the Sugar Act?
duties had to be collected
forbade the colonies to issue paper money
Currency Act
What did the Currency Act mark the beginning of?
-end of salutary neglect
-postwar economomic depression
Name the provisions of the Stamp Act:
-tax meant to raise revenue
-broad-based tax covering all legal documents and licenses
-tax on colony-made goods
Who said "No taxation without representation?"
James Otis in
"The Right of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved"
Did James Otis advocate for secession?
No. He argued for either:
-representation in Parliament OR
-more self-government
stated that members of Parliament represented all British subjects regardless of who elected them
virtual representation
a document that protested tax and asserted the colonist's rights to self-government
Virginia Stamp Act Resolves by Patrick Henry`
What is the Battle of Concord sometimes referred to as? Why does it have this nickname?
"the shot heard round the world"
A small group of common people could defeat the world's strongest army
was a last-ditch attempt to avoid armed conflict
Olive Branch Petition
a pamphlet that advocated colonial independence and the merits of republicanism over monarchy
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
treaty that brought the French into the war on the side of the colonists after the Battle of Saratoga
Franco-American Alliance
Who negotiated the Franco-American Alliance?
Ben Franklin
What kind of war was the Revolutionary War?
A war of attrition
Name the Acts that Congress passed after the Proclamation of 1763 in order
Sugar Act
Currency Act
Stamp Act
Declaratory Act
Townshend Act
Coercive Acts
Quebec Act