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21 Cards in this Set

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Two facts about the incumbent advantage
- representatives who run for reelection win 90% of the time
- House incumbents have a greater advantage than Senate incumbents
Why do House incumbents have a greater advantage than Senate incumbents?
House incumbents are elected within their districts (which are usually gerrymandered) while senators compete statewide
How many states hold primary elections?
39
Which is the most common type of primary?
closed primary
Which states use blanket primaries?
Alaska and Washington
Which party doesn't have super-delegates?
Republican
What is the purpose of the McGovern-Fraser Commission?
To promote diversity within the delegate pool
When are general elections for federal offices held?
First Tuesday of November
What advantage do governors hold over senators when running for President?
outsider privilege
Which two candidates are examples of people who ran for President without needing or using federal matching funds?
Ross Perot
Steve Forbes
What happens when candidates recieve less than 10% of the vote in two successive primaries?
They lose major financial contributors and have to drop out
What is Super Tuesday?
the day southern states hold their primary elections (in early March)
when no candidate has received the pledge of a majority of convention delegates, conventions decide who the nominee will be
brokered conventions
What is the main purpose of a national convention?
To unify the party
What is the greatest impact conventions can have on a general election?
negative results
Name an example of how a convention has negatively affected a candidate
1968, rioting outside a Democratic convention, as contrasted to a dignified Republican convention
1992, ultraconservatives created a riot that hurt Bush Sr.
rise in public approval after a national convention
post-convention bump
What happens when candidates recieve less than 10% of the vote in two successive primaries?
They lose major financial contributors and have to drop out
Two differences between a primary and a general election
-in a primary you run against people in the same party
-must consider the electoral college
areas in which polling indicates a close race
swing states
Who typically vote more? People who are younger or older?
Older