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28 Cards in this Set

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Unwitnessed collapse, you are the only responder. Do you call 911 or initiate CPR for 2 minutes or 5 cycles and then call?
Initiate CPR. You do not know how long the patient has been down, therefore you must do 5 cycles or 2 minutes of CPR before leaving to call for help.
Compression to breath ratio for 1 person Adult CPR
30:2
Compression to breath ratio for 2 person Adult CPR
30:2
Rescue breath frequency for adult patient with a BVM
1 breath every 5-6 seconds
Rescue breath frequency for adult patient with an advanced airway
1 breath every 6-8 seconds
Witnessed collapse with a downtime of less than 4 minutes. Do you call 911 or initiate CPR for 2 minutes or 5 cycles and then call?
Call 911. You saw the patient go down, so you can initiate CPR in less than 4 minutes from time of collapse as soon as you have called for help
Anytime you suspect CPR will need to be initiated, what do you do first?
Make sure the scene is safe, you protect yourself from body substances (BSI), and check the patient for responsiveness, breathing, and pulse.
When checking for breathing, what 3 things should you do to check the patient?
Look, Listen, and Feel for breathing after opening the airway
If the patient is not breathing, what would you do to try to open the patients airway?
A head-tilt-chin-lift or a jaw-thrust if there is suspected C-Spine injury.
What if you can not get an open airway by doing a jaw-thrust maneuver on a patient?
After attempting to open the airway 2 times using the jaw-thrust, do a head-tilt-chin-lift.
After opening the airway and the patient is still not breathing, what step would be next?
Give 2 breathes (1 second each)
Compression to breath ratio for 1 person child CPR
30:2
Compression to breath ratio for 2 person child CPR
15:2
What is the age of a child as defined for CPR?
ages 1 to the onset of puberty
What is the compression rate for adult CPR?
100 per minute
What is the compression rate for child CPR?
100 per minute
What is the compression rate for infant CPR?
100 per minute
What is the compression depth for adult CPR?
1 1/2 to 2 inches
What is the compression depth for child and infant CPR?
1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest
What is the compression location for adult CPR?
center of breastbone between the nipples
What is the compression location for child CPR?
center of breastbone between the nipples
What is the compression location for infant CPR?
just below the nipple line on the breastbone
How long do you check the patients pulse for?
at least 5 seconds but no longer than 10 seconds
Where do you check the pulse on an infant?
check the infants brachial pulse.
What is the age of a child when considering use of an AED?
1-8 years of age
What is the age of a child when considering proper CPR procedure?
1 till the onset of puberty (pubic hair, underarm hair, breast development)
An adult victim collapses in front of you. After determining that the pt. is pulseless, apnic, and unresponsive, would you initiate CPR or apply an AED?
Apply the AED. if the pt. has been down for less than 4 minutes, use the AED first before initiating CPR
If a pt. has been down for more than 4 minutes or their collapse was unwitnessed, would you initiate CPR or apply the AED?
Initiate CPR. Only if the pt. has been down for less than 4 minutes do you apply the AED first.