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18 Cards in this Set

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bacillus

Ex:
streptobacillus
bacteria that are rod-shaped (plural is bacilli)

def:
rod-shaped bacteria that grow in twisted chains
coccus

EX:
streptoccus
bacteria that are round in shape (plural is cocci)

def:
round bacteria that grow in twisted chains
dipl/o

Ex:
diplococcus
pairs; bacteria that grow in pairs

def:
round bacteria that grow in pairs
staphyl/o

Ex:
staphylococcus
bunches like grapes; bacteria that grow in cluster

def:
round bacteria that grow in cluster
strept/o

Ex:
streptococcus
twisted; bacteria that grow in twisted chains

def:
round bacteria that grow in twisted chains
alb

Ex:
albino
white

def:
a person with white hair, very pale skin & nonpigment iris
chlor/o

Ex:
chorophyll
green

def:
any of a group of green pigments involved in o2 producing photosynthesis
cirrh/o

Ex:
cirrhosis
orange-yellow

def:
interitial inflammation of an organ, particulary the liver (cirrhosis if the liver) showing orange-yellow discoloration in organ pigments
cyan/o-

Ex:
cyanosis
blue

def:
a bluish discoloration of skin & mucous membranes
erythr/o-

Ex:
ertyrocyte
red

def:
a red blood cell or corpuscle containing hemoglobin & transporting oxygen
leuk/o-

Ex:
leukocyte
white

def:
white cells; a colorless blood corpuscle whose chief function is to protect the body against mircroorganisms causing diesease
lutein/o

Ex:
lutein
hint: think kitchen
saffron yellow

def:
a lipochrome from the corpus luteum, fat cells, and egg yolk
melan/o

Ex:
melanoma
black

def:
a cancer black tumor
poli/o

Ex:
poliomyelitis
gray

def:
an acute viral disease marked clinically by fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, and often stiffness of the neck and back
poli/o

Ex:
poliomyelitis
gray

def:
an acute viral disease marked clinically by fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, and stiffness of nect
rhod/o

Ex:
rhodopsin
red

def:
visual purple; a photosensitive purple red chromoprotein in the retinal rods
rubi/o

Ex:
rubella
reddish, redness

def:
German measles, a mild viral infection marked by pink rash
xanth/o

Ex:
xanthochromia
yellowish

def:
yellowish discoloration, as of the skin or spinal fluid