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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the plant name for Echinacea?
Echniacea purpurea
What is the plant name for Garlic?
Allium Sativum
What is the plant name for Ginko?
Ginko biloba
What is the plant name for St. John's wort?
Hypericum perforatum
What is the plant name for Saw Palmetto?
Serenoa Repens
What is the plant name for Panax Ginseng?
Panax Ginseng
What is the plant name for Glucosamine Sulfate?
Not derived from a plant
What is the plant name for Fish Oil?
Not derived from a plant
What is the plant name for Coenzyme Q10?
Not derived from a plant
What is the plant name for Melatonin?
Not derived from a plant
Which dietary supplements are derived from the bulb of a plant?
Garlic (Allium Sativum)
Which dietary supplements are derived from the leaf of a plant?
Ginko (Ginko biloba)
Which dietary supplements are derived from the above portion of the plant?
Echinacea (E. purpurea),
St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum),
Saw Palmetto (from fruits and berries; Serenoa repens),
Ginko (from leaf; Ginko biloba)
Which dietary supplements are derived from the root portion of the plant?
Panax Ginseng (P. ginseng),
Garlic (Allium sativum)
Which dietary supplements are NOT derived from a portion of the plant?
Glucosamine sulfate,
Coenzyme Q10,
Fish Oils,
Melatonin
Which dietary supplements are NOT standardized to a particular chemical?
Echinacea purpurea,
Coenzyme Q10,
Glucosamine sulfate,
Melatonin
What is the chemical standardization for Allium sativum?
Either 1.3% alliin or 0.6% allicin.
What is the chemical standardization for Ginko biloba?
24% flavone glycosides, 6% terpene lactones
What is the chemical standardization for Hypericum perforatum?
0.3% hypericin, or 5% hyperforin
What is the chemical standardization for Serenoa repens?
80-95% sterols and fatty acids
What is the chemical standardization for Panax ginseng?
4-7% ginsenosides
Which of the dietary supplements have "good" indications? and what for?
Echinacea (for decreasing the duration of a cold),
St. John's wort (to decrease mild-moderate depression),
Panax ginseng (lowering blood sugar of type 2 diabetes),
Glucosamine sulfate (reduce knee osteoarthritis symptoms),
Fish Oil (reducing triglycerides, cardioprotection, anti-inflammatory in rheumatoid arthritis and bowel disease, longer gestation),
Coenzyme Q10 (to lower BP),
Melatonin (sleep disturbance)
Which of the dietary supplements have "fair" indications? and what for?
Garlic (for lowering total cholesterol),
Ginko (for improving Alzheimer symptoms, and for improving walking distance of POAD pts),
St. John's wort (to decrease moderate-severe depressions),
Saw palmetto (to reduce mild-moderate BPH)
Panax ginseng (for anti-cancer or immune-enhancing properties),
Coenzyme Q10 (to improve early stage heart failure, preventing or treating statin induced myopathy),
Melatonin (for jet lag)
Which of the dietary supplements have "poor" indications? and what for?
Ginko (for improving memory in healthy adults w/o dementia),
Panax ginseng (to improve overall mood and well being in response to stress),
Coenzyme Q10 (for advanced heart failure),
When should you avoid taking Panax ginseng?
When taking meds for:
1) bipolar disorder,
2) schizophrenia,
3) immunosuppression,
4) diabetes,
5) w/anti-coag or anti-platelet effects
Which dietary supplements have additive effects when interacting with Warfarin?
Garlic, Ginko, Panax ginseng, Glucosamine sulfate, Fish Oil, and Melatonin
Which dietary supplements have reductive effects when interacting with Warfarin?
St. John's wort,
Coenzyme Q10
Which dietary supplements have NO effects when interacting with Warfarin?
Echinacea and Saw palmetto
Which dietary supplements interacts with immunosuppresants?
Echinacea and Panax ginseng