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20 Cards in this Set

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The security deposited to guarantee a defendant's appearance for court dates in exchange for the defendant being released in the community until those court dates. When that security involves a financial obligation, it is a bail bond, which can b one of money or property.
bail bond
Money = Cash Bail Bond

Property = Property Bail Bond
boot camp corrections
Although sometimes used synonymously with shock incarceration, in the book boot camp corrections refers to a camp that uses military-style discipline and activities, along with more traditional programs, to achieve specific goals.
Offenders must be at their residence during specified hours, usually at night.
direct supervision
A type of inmate supervision in jails or prisons with a podular design. When correctional officers are positioned in the housing pod with the inmates, they have direct and continuous supervision of and interaction with the inmates.
podular direct
In a podular direct designed facility (which can be either a prison or jail), inmates are housed in small units containing about sixteen to thirty romms or cells. These rooms are often on two levels, so on entering the housing unit (called a pod or module) one can look across an open area and see two rows of eight to fifteen cells each.
home confinement
A requirement, usually imposed by the court, that an offender must remain in hir or her residence for som or all hours of the day.
home detention
Offenders must remain at home at all times except for approved absences for school, work, etc.
home incarceration
Offenders must remain at home except for limited absences such as medical treatment.
intermittent surveillance
The typical way to observe inmates in jails or prisons with a linear design. Because corectional officers can see inmates only as they walk along the corridor and look into each cell, the supervision of and interaction with the inmates is only intermittent.
Confinement facilities, usually operated by city or county governments, that hold persons awaiting trial and persons convicted of misdemeanors who have recieved a sentence up to one year (or two years in some jurisdictions).
linear facilities
In a linear designed jail or prison, inmated are housed in a single or multioccupancy cell that are aligned along corridors, which in turn are often stacked in tiers.
A situation in which a program has the effect of bringing more people under control of the criminal or juvenile justice system than would otherwise be included. When programs designed as alternatives to the traditional process actually bring more people into the criminal justice system, the net has been widened.
new generation boot camps
Newer versions of boot camp corrections programs that retain a military-style structure and strict discipline, but that also have treatment and aftercare programs.
new generation jails
Jails that use a specific architecture design (podular rather than linear) and inmate supervision (direct rather than intermittent) to provide a safe and secure environment for both inmates and staff. Because of their design and supervision types, new generation jails are also called podular direct jails.
pretrial release
A suspect is released from custody into the community for all or part of the time before or during prosecution.
preventitive detention
The practice of holding an acused person in jail prior to trial because he or she is considered dangerous to the community.
residential community corrections
A more contemporary term for facilities that were called halfway houses. These residential facilities alow offenders to live in a structured environment while still having access to work, educational, and treatment opportunities in the community.
shock incarceration
Although sometimes used synonymously with boot camp corrections, in this book shock incarceration refers to a philosophy that a military regimen with hard work and physical conditioning helps build desirable character traits in offenders.
shock probation
Requires a convicted offender to spend a relatively brief time in prison (such as a few months) and then be placed on probation. Presumably the "shock" of imprisonment will encourage the offender to have a more positive probation experience. Split probation is essentially the same type of sentence although some use shock probation to refer to the situation in some jurisdictions where the offender is not expecting release from prison (almost "surprise probation"), while split probation is a sentence requiring prison followed by probation.