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99 Cards in this Set

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What is the soft tissue that covers the alveolar process and surrounds the necks of the teeht?

Gingiva
Temporary fillings are made from combination of Zinc Oxide and Eugenol (ZOE). T/F ?
TRUE
What is an inflammation of the gingiva that is relatively mild and is sometiems localized, existing around one, two or several teeth?
Marginal Gingivitis
What tissue of the tooth consists of hundreds of fibers that completely surround the tooth root?
Peridontal Ligament
Formation of small blisters and ulcers on the oral mucosa is known as?
Stomatitis
Which tissue of the tooth forms a protective layer over the rooth?
Cementum
What classification of tooth fracture has slight exposure of the pulp?
II
What classification of tooth fracture has a large fracture with much exposure of the pulp?
III
What classification of tooth fracture is a fracture of the root which can be complicated by a fracture of the crown?
IV
What classification of tooth fracture is a slight chip fracture of the enamel and no pulp is exposed?
I
What color tape on the dental record indicates dental class III (patients that have oral/dental conditions that will result in an emergency within 12 months)?
Yellow
What color tape on the dental record indicates dental class II (patients that have oral/dental conditions that are unlikely to result in an emergency within 12 months)?
Green
What color tape on the dental record indicates dental class I (patients who require no dental treatment)?
white
What color tape on the dental record indicates dental class IV (patients whose oral classification is unknown and have NOT been examined in the past 12 months?
Red
What form number is the dental health questionaire?
NAVMED 6600/3
What is the most frequent cause of severe dental paint?
Acute Pulpitis
What covers the entire crown of the tooth and cannot regenerate or repair itself?
Enamal
What term describes a dry socket?
Alveolar (postexodentic) Osteitis
What are the tissues of the Peridontium?
aveolar process, peridontal ligament, cementum and the gingiva
What acts as a shock absorber reducing the impact of the teeth as they occlude?
Peridontal Ligament
What is the light yellow substance that makes up the bulk of the tooth and continues to form throughout life?
Dentin
What are the 4 tissues of the teeth?
Enamel, Dentin, Cementum, and Pulp
What forms a protective layer over the root portion of the dentin?
Cementum
What is the portion of the maxilla and mandible that form and support the sockets of the teeth?
alveolar process
The most frequent cause of Marginal Gingivitis is …?
Poor oral hygiene
What is the soft tissue of the tooth that contains numerous blood vessels and nerves that enter the tooth through the apical foraman?
pulp
What dental condition results when a normal clot fails to form in the socket of a recently extracted tooth?
Alveolar (postexodentic) Osteitis
What is the chief hard tissue of the tooth which surrounds the tooth pulp and is covered by enamel on the crown and by cementum on the root?
Dentin
What is a severe inflammation of the tooth pulp called?
Acute Pulpitis
What color of tape is used in the "Record Category Type" box on the NAVMED 6150/10-19 military health (dental) treatment record jacket?
Dark blue
Where is the dental classification colored tape (white, green, yellow, red) placed on the dental record?
Upper right hand corner
A hypersensity to a substace or the presence of a valvular or congenital heart disease should be recoreded how on the SF-603?
Red pencil across the top
What action should be taken to record refusal of dental treatment by a patient?
entry on a SF603
What is the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth?
Periodontium
What is the bonelike connective tissue covering the root of a tooth and assisting in tooth support?
Cementum
What is an inflammatory reaction of the periodentum, usually resulting from the extension of gingival inflammation into the periodontium and develops as a result of untreated Marginal Gingivitis?
Periodontitis
If a patient complains of a bad taste in the mouth, a tooth that feels longer that the others or a gumboil, you can suspect_____
Periapical Abscess
What is an inflammation of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth that often occurs between 18 and 25 years of age?
Pericoronitis
What is an inflammatory condition that involves the gingiva and is marked by gradual recession of the peridontal tissues?
Periodontitis
What usually results from an infection of the tooth pulp?
Periapical Abscess
What is usually the result of long continued irritation by food debris, deep deposits of calculus or a foreign object (popcorn husk or toothbrush bristle) being tightly packed into the interproximal spaces between the tooth and soft tissue?
Periodontal Abscess
What should be done if drainage does NOT occur when debris is remobed from a periapical abscess?
Have patient rinse with warm saline every 10 minutes for 2 hours
Heat should be applied to the face to facilitate drainage through an abscess? T/F?
FALSE
The most common cause of dental caries is…?
bacterial plaque
What is harmed if too much eugenol is used?
Pulp
What supplies the dentim with blood?
pulp
The primary function of the pulp is ?
Dentin formation
Labial herpes will normally disappear spontaneously within how many days?
7 to 10
How should information on the cover of the dental record be recorded?
a felt tip pen
Which of the following dental forms are marked if a patient has an allergy to a medication?
SF603 (heath record-dental) NAVMED 6600/3 NAVMED 6150/10-19 (dental heath record jacket)
What is the most commonly used anesthetic for dental injections?
Lidocaine or Xylocaine in a 2% aqueous solution
What is the maximum safe dosage of Lidocain for an adult?
300 mg
Excrutiating, constant pain 3 days after a tooth extraction usually indicates what?
Aveolar Osteitis
Which of the following tissues of the tooth cannot regenerate itself?
Enamel
Healthy Gingiva are pink firm resilient and have a stippled appearance. T/F?
TRUE
Dental Caries begins in the enamel and it first appears as?
a chalky white spot
The affected tooth is sensitive to hot and cold and the patient will point to a healthy tooth and complain that it aches is a syptom of what?
Dental caries
Continue removing debris if there is no pulpal bleeding and lightly dry the interior of the tooth with a cotton pellet prior to placement of a temporary filling is treatment for what?
Dental caries
All of the following regarding ZOE fillings are true in the treatment of Dental Carries.
Do not exert pressure on the filling, but be sure cavity is sealed off from saliva. Do not pack the cavity. Stress the temporary nature of the treatment.
This disease is the result of Dental Caries and is the most frequent cause of severe dental pain when pressure is placed on the affected tooth:
Acute Pulpitis
Gently remove loose debris, dry cavity, place small pellet with eugenol in the cavity and cover with a dry cotton pellet is the treatment for…?
Acute Pulpitis
This disease is the result of unchecked pulpitis causing fluid to build up in the pulp chamber leading to the formation of a gumboil (parulis):
Periapical Abscess
Signs and symptoms of this dental disease are a complaint of bad taste in the mouth and a tooth that feels longer than the others with severe pain when applying finger pressure to the affected tooth…
Acute Pulpitis
Treatment for periapical abscess includes all of the following
Use an excavator and gently remove the debris from a cariuos lesion. If drainage doesn't result when debris is removed, pt should rinse with warm saline for 10 minutes every 2 hours. Draining the abscess will cause the pain to disappear
This Disease is a severe inflamation of the gingivia with signs and sypmtoms of a bad taste in the mouth and pain when eating or brushing. The most characteristic sign in ulceration and cratering of the interdental papillae.
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
This dental disease most often affects mandibular third molars and is one of the most frequent periodontal emergencies…
Pericoronitis
Treatment for Pericoronitis includes:
Wrap a cotton pellet on an excavator, place a small amount of Glycerite of Iodine on a cotton pellet and wipe gently under the flap and irrigate the undersurface of the tissue flap with warm saline
What precautions should you take when examining a patient with oral leasions?
Wear rubber gloves
Treatment for patients with Labial Herpes should include:
Treat recurrent cases by having patient hold 1 teaspoon of Tetracycline Oral Supspension in the mouth for 2 minutes 4 tiems daily for 5 days. Pt should also rinse with warm solution of Sodium Bicarbonate several times daily
Postextraction Hemorrhage occurs how many days after extraction?
3 to 5
How should information on the inside cover of the dental record be recorded?
a pencil
What is a recommended treatment for Stomatitis?
Sodium Bicarbonate rinses several times daily
Treatment for Pericoronitis includes:
Glycerite of Iodine
What is a localized collection of pus?
Abscess
What is the area between the cheeks, teeth and gingivae called?
Buccal vestibule
What is the bonelike connective tissue covering the root of a tooth and assisting in tooth support?
Cementum
What is the aperature at or near the apex of the root of a tooth, through which blood vessels and nerves supplying the pulp pass?
apical foramen
What is the hard substance that covers and protects the dentin and the crown of a tooth?
Enamel
What is the neck of the tooth?
Cervix
What is used as a topical analgesic and antiseptic and also used in combination with Zinc Oxide as a Sedative dressing in a tooth?
Eugenol
What is the furrow surrounding a tooth?
gingiva salcus
What is the triangular pad between the surfaces of two adjacent teeth?
Interdental papilla
Redness, swelling, pain, hemorrhage and a necrotic oder are symptoms of what?
Trench Mouth
What is the solution of rosin or resin that is applied to teeth to protect the pulp?
Varnish
What is the main function of cementum?
Anchor the tooth to the socket
What is the treatment for Marginal Gingivitis?
Plague control instructions and refer patient to a dental treatment facility for scaling and polishing
Poor oral hygiene and dietary habits, excessive smoking or alcohol consumption, and poor physical condition of patients are all contributing factors to.
Trench Mouth
Gray white membrane convering gingivae, punched out apperance, elevated tempature, pus oozing and foul odar are all signs of what?
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Itchiness of gums, bad taste, uneven bite an loose or elongated tooth are symptoms of what?
Peridontitis
What is one of the most frequent periodontal emergencies encountered?
Pericoronitis
Sore neck, difficulty opening the mouth, pain when chewing, enlarged lymph nodes under mandible or on side of neck are signs and symptoms of ?
Pericoronitis
Canker sore, fever blister, rundown feelin are symtoms of?
Herpetic Gingivostomatitis
For stubborn recurrent cases of Stomatitis, treatment would include what?
one teaspoon Tetracycline Oral Suspension held in mouth for 2 minutes 4 times daily for 5 days
What is the treatment for a Postoperative Hemorrhage?
place a 4x4 gauze pad or tea bag on the wond site and have patient bite down firmly
Smooth sharp edges with sandpaper strips is the treatment for which type of tooth fracture?
Type I
Placing a plastic crown that is filled with a thin mixture of calcium hydroxide or ZOE is the treatment for what type of tooth fracture?
Type II
Entire crown of tooth is broken off, severe pain, and mastication of food is almost impossible are syptoms of what type of tooth fracture?
Type III
Treatment for a Type III tooth fracture includes?
splint the tooth
Radiographic diagnosis is often the only sure way to determine this type of tooth fracture…
Type IV