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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
3 influences on the medieval world
Greco-Roman
Christian
Barbarian
Greco-Roman influcence on the Medieval world
Emphasis on learning & reason
Abstract truth
Natural law
Christian influcence on the Medieval world
Personal God
The insitutional church
God's law
Barbarian influcence on the Medieval world
Adventure
Loyalty to liege lord
Concrete, not abstract
Greco-Roman influence on the EARLY Medieval period
Virtually disappeared
(Some learning centers
Virtually universlly illiterate)
Christian influence on the EARLY Medieval period
Asectic - run for the hills- monastaries
Denial of this world
pray, convert, teach, copy manuscripts
Barbarian influence on the EARLY Medieval period
Barbarians attacked Rome 406 on
Economic & social disorder
EARLY Medieval period church characteristics
Romanesque Cathedral
Rounded arches, thick walls, small windows.
Fortress-like
Out in the boonies.
Greco-Roman influence on the LATE Medieval period
Rise of the University
Rise of literacy
Thinking about abstractions again
Growing interest in Ancient Greek writers
Christian influence on the LATE Medieval period
Begins to assert itself
Moves into all areas of life
Emphasis on this world (rediscovery of Aristotle :D)
Barbarian influence on the LATE Medieval period
Stability (attachment to land, feudal system, loyalty)
Nation-State
LATE Medieval period church characteristics
Gothic Cathedral
Pointed arches, flyiing buttesses, higher, glass walls, center of town
Medieval Islam: historical background
Plato's Academy's books went east;
translated into Arabic;
Muhammad (610-632);
10th &11th centuries- astronomy & math;
problem was reconciling learning(reason) with Qur'an(faith)
Medieval Islam: Avicenna
3 Reasonings, Problem, Conclusion
Avicenna:
Reasonings: 1) Allah acts out of necessity 2) Allah works through intermediaries 3) Souls are immortal
Problem: Contracts the Qur'an!!!!!!!
Conclusion: Qur'an not to be taken literally, but metaphorically
REASON
Medieval Islam: Al-Ghazali
Critique, Conclusion
Critique of Avicenna
Conclusion: Have to take the Qur'an seriously
FAITH
Medieval Islam: Averroes
Critiques, Types, Conclusion
Avicenna: too Platonic
Al-Ghazali: Incoherent
3 Types of people: masses (simple-Qur'an literally), theologians (educated-draw inferences-understand Qur'an), philosophers (wise-deep allegorical meanings)
Conclusion: Double-truth: both faith and reason are right.
FAITH and REASON
Medieval Islam: Which thinker won?
Al-Ghazali won
Augustine- short bio?
Thagaste, N Africa
Mother Christian & prayed endlessly,
wild child, to Carthage
Conversion (go read it)
Ministry- wanted a monestary, but became bishop in Hippo
Augustine and Anthropology: 3 key themes
The Imago Dei, The Will, The Fall
Augustine & Anthropology: The Imago Dei
People are originally good.
God's thoughts are in us (justice, beauty)
Rationes Aeternae
Augustine & Anthropology: The Will
The ability to choose
Part of the Imago Dei
(unlike Plato & know good, do good)
Augustine & Anthropology: The Fall
We are now all tainted by sin.
Take good & twist it (beauty -> lust)
Augustine and Epistemology: Types of Knowledge
Lower Knowledge (Scientia)
Higher Knowledge (Sapientia)
Augustine and Epistemology: Lower Knowledge
Nature- knowledge gained from senses
Value- knowledge of God's creation
Limitations: senses change and can be mistaken, cannot tell about celestial world`
Augustine and Epistemology: Higher Knowledge
Rationes Aeternae: Eternal Ideas/God's thoughts in us, innatism.
Cloud of sin: GOD shining on man but a CLOUD of SIN is in the way- most of His thoughts are being blocked.
Doctrine of Illumination: General (life of sin, but love child) and Special (remove cloud to get full light)
Credo ut Intelligam "I believe that I might know" faith to reason.
Augustine's definition of faith
Belief in 1) Jesus Christ as 2) revealed in scripture & 3) taught by the church
Augustine and Metaphysics: God
God is the measure of all things
Augustine and Metaphysics: The Created World
Dualism: both valued; intelligible & sensible worlds.
Creation ex nihilo- something out of NOTHING