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20 Cards in this Set

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militia
-trained citizens who serve as soldiers in case of emergency
-1775 following the Coercive Acts, Gage named governor of Massachusetts
-John Hancock & Sam Adams convened a Provincial Congress w/o Gage to govern MA colony. They start to stockpile weapons
- Paul Revers rides the colonists of British troops
- fought back Brtitish troops under Gage
loyalists
- colonists who remained loyal to Britain during the revolution
- fled from Boston following the killing of 200 soldiers by minutemen.
Second Continental Congress
- 1775 assembly of delegates from every colony in Philadelphia
- Congress gave command of a new army
Continental Army
- under George Washington
Thomas Paine
- swung popular opinion for the colonies' independance via his book, "Common Sense'
- republican state of gv't
- union of states
Declaration Of Independance
- drafted by Thomas Jefferson
- all men are created equal
- unalenable rights: life, liberty, and property
William Howe
- British commander at Bunker Hill
- attacked during the middle of the day wearing red and heavy packs
- 2/3 of British killed
- understimated the will of the colonists
- Patriots won psychologically
mercenary
- soldier for hire
- British hired German mercenaries to fight the war
Battle of Trenton
- 1776 after the British were attacked at Bunker Hill, they attacked NY
- G. Washington attacked British troops in the middle of the night on Christmas. Colonists won.
Charles Cornwallis
-1776 Washington moved his troops victoriously at the Battle of Princeton
Battle of Princeton
- 1777 G. Washington victorious
Saratoga
- 1777 continental army victorious over John Brgoyne in the NY Valley area.
- turning point of the revolution
- 1777 encouraged France to recognize American Independance and get in to the war.
Marguis de Lafayette
- french volunteer who aided the Patriots with secret shipments of arms and ammunition
Ben Franklin
- after the battle of Saratoga, he negotiated with France for help
- French army and navy attacked British soldiers in 1778
Valley Forge
- location in PA where Washington's army spent a terrible winter
Monmouth
-1778 no real winner but continental army proved their improved discipline
Kings Mountain
- 1780Patriots beat Loyalists militia
- in SC
- neutral civilians swing toward Patriot side
- many loyalist now blame the British for creating such chaos
Yorktown
- 1781 Washington marched south
- aided by the French navy blocking the British navy in the Chesapeake Bay
- Cornwallis surrendered
- final battle
Treay Of Paris
- 1782 Franklin negotiated and received more land than they had lost during the war
- ignored the Indians
manumission
- the revolution encouraged many slaves to demand freedom