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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Articles of Confederation
first weak attempt at a Constitution (army but no taxes, laws but no enforcement)
Federal System
type of government where power is shared between national and state governments
Virginia Plan
included a president, courts, and a 2-house congress with representation beased on the population of each state
New Jersey Plan
included a one-house congress with each state having equal representation
The Great Conpromise (Connecticut Compromise)
the final accepted plan that is very similar to today's U.S. government
Federalists
people who supported a strong central government and the Constitution
Anti-Federalists
people who did not support a strong central government or the Constitution
Article I
legislative branch (Senate/ House=Congress, makes laws)
Article II
Executive Branch (carries out laws)
Article III
Judicial Branch (interpret laws)
Article IV
states
Article V
ammendment process
Article VI
National Supremacy
Article VII
ratification of Constitution
checks and balances
this keeps any one branch of government from becoming too powerful
veto
a rejection by the president of a passed bill
override
when Congress defeats a presidential veto by a 2/3 majority in each house
enumerated powers
specific powers for just the National government (ex. postal system, mint money, army, immigration)
reserved powers
specific powers for just the state governments (ex. school regulations, marriage/divorce laws, etc.)
slander
the crime of saying lies about other people
concurrent powers
powers shared by both National and state governments (taxes, prisons, courts, etc.)
Supremacy Clause
National law is higher than a state law
Bill of Rights
first 10 ammendments to the Constitution
indict
to officially accuse someone of a criminal act
1st Ammendment
five basic freedoms (religion, speech, press, assembly, petition)
libel
the crime of writing lies about other people
acquit
when an accused person is found to be "not guilty"
double jeopardy
a person who is acquitted of a crime may not be retryed for the exact same crime
protection against self-incrimination
you cannot be forced to testify against yourself ("I plead the fifth")
due process of law
going through all the necessary legal steps of law
eminent domain
allows the government to take private property for public use (payment)
2nd Ammendment
the right to serve in a militia and to bear arms
Miranda Rights
the right to remain silent, the right to have a lawyer, etc.
Tinker vs. Des Moines
landmark Supreme Court case (black armband peace sign) extending freedom of speech to freedom of expression
public defender
a court-appointed lawyer provided for someone who can't afford to pay for legal services
treason
a crime that endangers the U.S. or helps our enemies
Civil War Ammendments
13: officially ended slavery
14: citizenship (for ex-slaves)
15: voting rights for black men
18th Ammendment
prohibited manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages (prohibition)
suffrage
the official word for "the right to vote" (suffragette)
19th Ammendment
gave women the right to vote
21st Ammendment
repealed prohibition
26th Ammendment
lowered the minimum voting age to 18.