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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cabinet
Officials appointed by the President to be advisers and to head each department in the executive branch
Compromise
the settling of a dispute of each side agreeing to give up part of its demands
Ratify
To give official approval
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the consitution
Constituional Convention
the meeting of the 12 states delegates in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that replaced the Articles of Confederation with a new constituion
Amendments
An addition to the constitution
Preamble
The introduction to the constitution
Traitor
Someone who turns against his/her own country
Treaty of Paris
The peace treaty in which Great Britain recognized the US as an independent country
George Washington was known for what?
First President of the United States. He fought in the Fench & Indian war and he led the continental army during the American Revolution
Who was Benjamin Franklin
He was a writer, a scientist, a delegate to the Continental Congress, signer of the Declaration of Independence and delegate to the constituional convention
Who was Thomas Jefferson
Third President of the United states. He was a politial philospher and the author of the Declaration of Independence who later bought the Louisiana Purchase from France
How did the great compromise solve the problem of the constitutional convention
The plan drawn up by Roger Sherman at the Constititional convention in 1787. Proposed establishment of 2 houses of congress
Colonist cheered the delegates of the ______ when they met in May 1775
Second continental congress
A ______ was someone who helped the fight for independence
Patriot
A ______ is a soldier paid to fight for another country
Mercenary
If your map shows great detail of a small area, it is a _______
Large Scale Map
Jefferson wrote the ______ in 1776
Declaration of Independence
Britain agreed to the colonies' independence in the ______ in 1783
Treaty of Paris
You must look at the _____ to calculate real distance on a map
Map scale
John Adams named George Washington as commander in chief of the _______
Continental army
King George III thought anyone who helped the colonies was a _______
traitor
One out of three colonist was a ______, or remained loyal to Britain
Loyalist
Why was Common Sense important to the cause of independence
It said that the colonist owned no loyalty to an unjust ruler. He said it made no sense for a continent to be ruled by an island. The Common Sense was a changed the minds of many men
why did the issue of slavery come up during the American Revolution
Because the slaves helped if their master told them to go and fight they would. Some whites were getting angry because G.W. took the slaves to the war grounds
What advantages did the Patriots have
They knew the land better and they had help from France
What did Bernardo de Galvez help the Patriot cause
He helped the patriot cause by trying to stop the war and make peace
In 1783, what ended the American Revolution?
The treaty of paris
What are the three branches of the United States
Legislative, Executive & Judicial
What are checks and balances
The authors of the Constituion didn't want any branch of government to become too powerful. So, they set up a system of checks and balances. The powers of one branch are balanced by the powers of another. Each branch can check or stop another branch. If one branches tries to use its powers wrongly, the other two could keep it under control. Checks & Balances makes it impossible for one branch to act without the cooperation of another branch.
What does the Legislative Branch do?
They are Congress
They pass laws
They approve spending & taxes
They can charge judges with wrongdoings in the judicial branch
They can override a veto in the exeutive branch
What does the Executive Branch do
Where the President is
Enforces the laws
Where the commander in chief is
they nominate judges for the judicial branch
they sign or veto laws with the legislative branch
What does the judicial branch do
Supreme court & other federal courts
Explains the laws
Can rule whether actions are constitutional in the exeutiv branch.
Can rule whether laws passed are constituional in the legislative branch