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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1st Amendment
Five Basic Freedoms:
1. Freedom of/from Religion
- "Establishment Clause"
- "Free Exercise Clause"
2. Freedom of Speech
3. Freedom of Press
4. Freedom of Peaceable Assembly
5. Freedom of Protest (Petition)
2nd Amendment
Right to Keep and Bear Arms:
- Origin: Right to have state militias= Right to keep/bear arms
3rd Amendment
Quartering Troops:
- Gov't cannot require citizens to house soldiers during peacetime
- Origin: addressed colonial grevances stemming from Revolutionary War
4th Amendment
Search and Seizure:
- Established procedures for legal search and seizure
- Warrants, probable cause, particularity provision
- Origin: addressed colonial grievences against the British writs of assistance (ill-defined, all-purpose general search warrants that violated colonial rights to privacy and property).
5th Amendment
Rights and Protections of Accused Persons:
- Right to grand jury in cases of serious crimes (indictment process)
- "Double jeopardy clause" protection
- "Self-incrimination clause" protection
- "Due process clause" regarding life, liberty, and property protection
- Eminent domain protection regarding private property seizure by gov't
6th Amendment
Substansive and Procedural Rights Regarding a Fair Trial:
- Right to a speedy and public trial
- Right to an impartial jury
- Right of accused to be informed of specific charges
- Right to confront prosecution witnesses
- Right to have compulsory process to produce witnesses
- Right to the assistance of counsel
- Right of citizens to a jury trial in civil cases
- Applicable where the principles of common law apply
7th Amendment
Trial By Jury/Civil Cases:
- Jury trial in civil cases where the principles of common law applies
8th Amendment
- Right of citizens to be proected against excessive bail and fines
- Cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment
Unenumerated Rights of the People:
- Unspecified or unenumerated rights (other than those explicitly stated) may also deserve consitutional protection
10th Amendment
Reserved Rights of the States and the People:
- Official reconition of the divided sovereignty implicit in the U.S. federal model where power is shared between the national gov't and the states
- All other powers neither specifically prohibited nor denied belong and are reserved to the people
Official statement of the consitutional framers outlining the six major purposes and goals of the Consitution
Article I
Legislative Branch (Congress):
- House and Senate
- Terms/ Qualifications/ Elections
- Internal Organizaiton/ Meetings
- Law-Making Powers
- Specifically Enumerated Powers/ Elastic Clause
- Powers Denied the National Gov't
- Powers Denied the States
Article II
Executive Branch (Prez, VP, Executive Dept):
- Term/ Qualifications/ Elections
- Powers
- Duties
- Impeachent
Article III
Judicial Branch (Supereme Court):
- Federal Courts
- Term/ Compensation of Fed. Judges
- Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
- Jury Trials/ Venue
- Definition of Treason
Article IV
Relations Among States:
- "Full Faith and Credit Clause"
- Extradiction Procedures
- Admission/ Creation of New States
- Congressional Control Over Territories
- Guarantee of a Republican Form of Gov't
- National Gov't Protection Against Invasion or Domestic Violence
Article V
Amending the Consitution
Article VI
Role of National Gov't:
- Honoring the Public Debt
- "Supremacy Clause"
- Requisite Oaths of Office to Support Consitution
- No Religious Tests as a requirement to hold public office
Article VII
- Process to adopt the Constitution
Amendment 11 (1795)
State courts are the proper venue for lawsuits against states by citizens of other states
Amendment 12 (1804)
- Election of President/ VP
- Procedures of Electoral College
Amendment 13 (1865)
Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude
Amendment 14 (1868)
- Defined citizenship and the rights of citizens
- "Due Process Clause": binding on states
- "Equal Protection Clause" binding on states
- "Penalty Clause": abridging rights of citizens
- Former Confederate leaders prevented from holding public office
- Civil War debts from Confederacy repudiated; from Union honored and recognized
Amendment 15 (1870)
- Suffrage to male black citizens
- Right to vote cannot be denied on a basis of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
Amendment 16 (1913)
Right of national gov't to levy an income tax
Amendment 17 (1913)
Direct popular election of senators (before, state legislatures)
Amendment 18 (1919)
Prohibition (alcohol)
Amendment 19 (1920)
Suffrage extended to women
- Susan B. Anthony
Amendment 20 (1933)
"Lame Duck Amendment"
- shortened intervening time between election of COngess and President
- Shortened time for installment of hte next Congress and President
Amendment 21 (1933)
Repeal of Prohibition
Amendment 22 (1951)
- Limited presidential terms to two
Amendment 23 (1961)
Three elctors for DC in the election of the Prez and VP
Amendment 24 (1964)
Abolished poll taxes in federal elections
Amendment 25 (1967)
Procedure to deal with the issue of presidential disability and succession of the Prez and VP
Amendment 26 (1971)
Extended right to vote for all citizens over 18 years
Amendment 27 (1992)
"Madison Amendment"
- Congressional salaries cannot be raised until an intervening election shall take place in the House of Representatives first