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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
bicameral
a legilature consisting of two parts or houses
census
a population count taken by the census Bureau
constituent
a person from a legislator's district
gerrymander
an oddly shaped district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
majority party
in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party in which more than half the members belong
standing committee
a permanent committee that continues their work from session to session in Congress
seniority
years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
expressed powers
powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
implied powers
powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution
elastic clause
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the contitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its expressed power
impeach
to accuse government officialy of misconduct in office
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto law
a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
joint resolution
a resolution that is passed by both houses of congress
special-interest group
an organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
rider
a completely unrelated amendment tacked onto a bill
filibuster
a tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it
cloture
a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill (stops a filibuster)
voice vote
a voting method in which those in facor say yea and those against say no
roll-call vote
a voting method in the Senate in which memebers voice their votes in turn
veto
refusal to sign a bill or resolution
pocket veto
president's power to kill a bill if Congress is not in sesion by signing it for 10 days
hopper
a mahogany box that the representatives in the house drop a bill into
pigeonhole
when chair puts bill aside and lets it die (majority of the time)
hearing
an investigative meeting that can take any amount of time (public or closed)
Select committee
a committee that deals with one issue for a short period of time

ex. obesity and global warming
Joint committee
members from House and senate who generally address routine matters
conference committee
takes two very similar bills and makes a compromise (conference report)
exclusion
one way to punish a senator or rep; majority vote; excluding from joining
expulsion
2/3 vote; expell somebody from the House or Senate
censure
formal dissaproval of member's behavior or actions
whips
finds all democrats or republicans to make sure everyone votes
speaker of the house
in charge of the house of representatives, comes from the majority party, chosen by majority, must be approved by the whole house, second in line to presidency
packing
grouping a political group together
cracking
to split up a minority