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22 Cards in this Set

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What country gained independence from Spain in 1820? Where did it hold northern outposts?
Mexico: Texas, New Mexico, and California.
Who was the first American to be given a large land grant? What did American settlers have to agree to become?
Stephen Austin: Mexican citizens and Roman catholics
Who demanded American-style services which Mexicos goverment could ___ ______? What were these services?
Later immigrants: not afford: Rodes, Post offices, and schools.
What did general Santa Anna do in 1833?
He seized control of the Mexican government, made himself dictator, and sent an army to Texas to take control of the Americans.
What country gained independence from Spain in 1820? Where did it hold northern outposts?
Mexico: Texas, New Mexico, and California.
What did general Santa Anna do in 1833?
He seized control of the Mexican government, made himself dictator, and sent an army to Texas to take control of the Americans.
Fall of the Alamo. Who called for volunteers? Where did he and the volunteers march to? What two things did they do to the Mexicans?
Sam Houston: San Antonio: attacked and defeated them.
Who brought another army across the Rio Grande up to San Antonio?
Santa Anna
Houston did not want to defend the _____. So he ordered the Texans to do what? How did William Travis respond to the order?
Alamo: destroy it and leave: he ignored the order and said he would never retreat or surrender.
What did news of the battle cause thousands of enraged Americans to do? As a result, what happened to Houston's army? Where did Houston find Santa Anna's army napping?
grab their riffles and race to Texas for revenge: it grew stronger: in a field near the SAn Jacinto River.
600 Mexicans were killed or captured. Who was captured? What did he do with Houston? Texans had won their cherished _______.
Santa Anna: cut a deal: liberty
Mexican-American War. Who became president? What did he want to do? What did he dream of making California?
James Polk: expand: apart of the US.
What did Texans do after driving Santa Anna back to Mexico? What did Mexico refuse to recognize? What did congress debate long on? What did the congress decide to do after nine years?
organized a government: the Republic of Texas: to annex Texas: admit Texas to the US.
What did the Mexicans say to Polk after he approched Mexico with an offer to buy California? What did Polk do in 1846? What happened to the area? What did Polk do when the Mexicans attacked?
California is not for sale: Sent a small force to the Rio Grande area provoking Mexico to start war: claimed by both countries: asked congress to declare war.
A small American force marched into New Mexico and occupied which city? Why was the invasion of Northern Mexico (south of Rio Grande) much more difficult? Who defeated Santa Anna who withdrew his army?
Santa Fe: there was distance and rough terrain and disease: Zachary Taylor.
A small American force marched into New Mexico and occupied which city? Why was the invasion of Northern Mexico (south of Rio Grande) much more difficult? Who defeated Santa Anna who withdrew his army?
Santa Fe: there was distance and rough terrain and disease: Zachary Taylor.
The invasion of Southern Mexico was led by who? After they landed at Veracruz what did they do?
Winfield Scott: followed Cortez's route to Mexico city and defeated Mexicans there.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. What did the agreement confirm? Mexico ceded to US what states? How much did the US agree to pay for more than half of Mexico's territory?
American ownership of Texas: California and New Mexico: 18 million.
Convention of 1818. British and American representatives agreed that the 49th parallel be the border of what two areas? Where did it run from? What did both countries dp on other side of parallel?
US and Canada: Lake of the Woods to Rocky Mountains: gave up claims.
Convention of 1818. British and American representatives agreed that the 49th parallel be the border of what two areas? Where did it run from? What did both countries dp on other side of parallel?
US and Canada: Lake of the Woods to Rocky Mountains: gave up claims.
The Oregon treaty of 1846 extended Canadian-American border westward from what?
Rockies to Pacific
Gadsden Purchase. Railroad builders decided that the best way to get to Southern California laid throught the area south of what river? President Franklin Pierce sent who to Mexico? What did he want to do with the land? Santa Anna agreed to sell the area for how much?
Gila River: James Cadsden: Purchase it for railroad: 10 million.