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28 Cards in this Set

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Knowledge of posture will lead to
maximum flexibility and will give a general imperssion of confident leadership and artistic elegance
Describe posture starting with feet
Toes slightly pointed out with feet shoulder with apart
book says feet 5 to 6 inches apart
Posture at knees
Knees straight but not locked. Distribute weight evenly.
weight distribution
Posture: shoulders
Shoulders back but not stiff or rigid

Posture: head
head high and neck relaxed
Posture: upper body
when you turn upper body to face sections of the ensemble, don't give the impression that you feet are immobile or fastened to the floor
Should feel natural
Describe the conducting area
Remember the box. from head to the waist and side to side equally. Center is at the sternum
remember the box
Describe arm position
Arms extended slightly and at 4 and 8 oclock.
Hand position
Knuckles up and with a natural artistic curve
4 things a prep gesture gives
1 - Exact beginning of first tone
2 - dynamics
3 - articulation
4 - tempo
Define ictus
Precise moment the metric pulse is felt and the tone begins
Define preparatory ictus
end of the prep - specific point in time. time between prep ictus and downbeat ictus defines the pulse
look at figure 1-7 on page 7
The size of the release should be ...
consistent with the dynamic level and style of the music
think of how you want the release to sound and make a visual represation with the gesture
Define Amplitude
intensity of travel - up/down
Define Breadth
tonal weight - left/right
Two common problems with beat pattern clarity
rebound control and insufficient horizontal motion
distance of the rebound should be
less than half the distance of the beat itself
Define travel
movement from ictus to ictus
define click beat
quick flicking of the wrist
nearly always used with staccato
in legato style, the motion between ictuses should convey
the desired breadth of sound and flowing quality
4 problems with excessive shoulder motions
1 - pianissimo is much easier to read from the wrist 2- constant shoulder conducting creates stiff appearance 3 - flexibility and expressiveness limited 4 - sore muscles
3 ways to convey legato ictus
1 - definite change in direction
2- stopping or starting the travel
3 - change in speed of travel with change in direction
see figure 2-12
4 styles
modified classical - extremes
classical - horizontal
focal plane - vertical points
focal point - single point
baton is used with
large ensembles
grip 1
thumb and first finger on the tip of the handle
grip 2
thumb and 2nd finger on tip of handle - butt touching palm
good for staccato
light grip
thumb and first finger - butt not touching palm
good for light legato style
using baton magnifies
beat pattern but can also magnify conducting problems