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19 Cards in this Set

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Autosome
Any chromosome of a type that is the same in males and females of a species.
Sex chromosome
Chromosomes that, in certain combinations, determine a new individual’s sex.
Linkage
All genes on a chromosome.
Pedigree
Chart of genetic connections.
Duplication
DNA sequence repeated several to many hundreds or thousands of times.
Inversion
Mutation in which a section of chromosome becomes oriented in reverse.
Deletion/Insertion
Loss of a chromosome segment. Also, a mutation involving the loss of one or more bases of a DNA molecule/
Translocation
Of cells, a repositioning of a stretch of DNA to a new chromosomal location with no molecular loss. Of vascular plants, distribution of organic compounds through phloem.
Autosome
Any chromosome of a type that is the same in males and females of a species.
Sex chromosome
Chromosomes that, in certain combinations, determine a new individual’s sex.
Linkage
All genes on a chromosome.
Pedigree
Chart of genetic connections.
Duplication
DNA sequence repeated several to many hundreds or thousands of times.
Inversion
Mutation in which a section of chromosome becomes oriented in reverse.
Deletion/Insertion
Loss of a chromosome segment. Also, a mutation involving the loss of one or more bases of a DNA molecule/
Translocation
Of cells, a repositioning of a stretch of DNA to a new chromosomal location with no molecular loss. Of vascular plants, distribution of organic compounds through phloem.
Aneuploidy
In cells, too many or too few chromosomes relative to the parental number.
Polyploidy
Having three or more of each chromosome type characteristic of a species.
Nondisjuction
Failure of sister chromatids or homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosis or mitosis. Daughter cells end up with too many or too few chromosomes.