Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/15

Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Condensation
Covalent bonding of two molecules into a larger molecule, often with the formation of water as a by-product.
Hydrolysis
An enzymatic cleavage reaction in which a molecule is split, and the components of water (—OH and —H) become attached to each of the fragments.
Carbohydrates
The most abundant biological molecules in nature.
Consist of C, H, O in a 1:2:1 ratio.
1) Monosaccharides (simple sugars, one sugar unit)
2) Oligosaccharides (short-chain carbohydrates)
3) Polysaccharides (complex carbohydrates)
Lipid
Nonpolar hydrocarbon; fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids, and sterols are lipids.
Protein
Organic compound consisting of one or more polypeptide chains folded and twisted into a three-dimensional shape.
Amino Acids
Organic compound with an amino group (NH2), a carboxylic acid group (COOH), and a side group bonded covalently to the same carbon atom. Subunit of proteins.
Monomer
small organic compound
Polymer
a molecule that contains repeating monomers
Hydrophobic
Repels oil and other nonpolar molecules
Hydrophilic
Attracts other polar molecules such as sugars and salts
Denaturation
The three-dimensional shape of a protein or some other complex molecule unravels as its hydrogen bonds are disrupted.
Nucleotide
Small organic compound with a five-carbon sugar, a nitrogen-containing base, and a phosphate group.
RNA
Ribonucleic acid. Any of a class of single-stranded nucleic acids with roles in transcription, translation, and catalysis.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. Carries the primary hereditary information for all living organisms and many viruses.
ATP
Adenosine triphosphate. Nucleotide made of adenine, ribose, and three phosphate groups; main energy carrier in cells.