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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anonymous FTP archive
A compilation of programs and data files accessible to the public on the Internet. Any Internet user can download a file from an FTP archive, using the account name "anonymous."
A catalog of file names maintained by McGill University in Montreal. Internet users can search and locate a file among thousands of directories listed on this service.
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)
An early network developed by the Department of Defense to connect computers at universities and defense contractors. This network eventually became part of the Internet.
The central structure that connects other elements of the network and handles the major traffic in the system.
bulletin board service (BBS)
An online information service tailored to the needs of a specific group of users.
Online discussion groups set up in a routine or ad hoc nature, where chat users convene to discuss a topic.
chat line
An online service similar to a BBS, in which users can conduct live group discussions. Each keystroke is transmitted as it is entered.
discussion group
An electronic storage space where users can post messages to other users, carry on extended conversations, and trade information; also called a bulletin board or a news group.
A name given to a computer and its peripherals connected to the Internet.
Domain Name System (DNS)
A naming system used for computers on the Internet, consisting of an individual name representing the institution or person and the domain name, which classifies the type of organization, such as .com for commercial enterprises. DNS converts an e-mail address into the IP address for transmission.
The practice of conducting business transactions online, such as selling products from a World Wide Web site. The process often involves the customer’s providing personal or credit card information online, presenting special security concerns
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
A proposed page-markup language that would replace HTML as the standard hypertext markup language for the World Wide Web. XML is built around the idea of letting anyone define a way to describe information presented in a Web page.
An antipiracy method for protecting networks. A network node acts as a gateway, permitting access to public sections while protecting proprietary areas
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
A document routinely developed by a news group, which lists the most commonly asked questions and their answers. FAQs help a news group’s members avoid the repeated posting of the same information to the group.
An Internet service that organizes resources into multilevel menus to make finding information easier; first created by the University of Minnesota to provide easy access to computers campus-wide.
home page
An organization's principal Web page, which provides pointers to other Web pages with additional information.
A flexible software technology that provides fast and flexible access to information. The user can jump to a search topic by selecting it on screen; used to create Web pages and help screens.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
A page-description language used on the World Wide Web that defines the hypertext links between documents.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
A set of file transfer rules used on the World Wide Web that control the way information is shared.
IP address
A unique four-part numeric address assigned to each computer on the Internet, containing routing information to identify its location. Each of the four parts is a number between 0 and 255.
A programming language, used for creating cross-platform programs. Java enables Web page designers to include movement and interactivity in Web pages
Java applet
a Java-based program included in a Web page.
An e-mail server that contains a list name and enables users to communicate with others on the list in an ongoing discussion.
A public bulletin board service on the Internet organized into groups representing specific topics of interest.
discussion group
An electronic storage space where users can post messages to other users, carry on extended conversations, and trade information; also called a bulletin board or a news group.
A network developed by the National Science Foundation to accommodate the many users attempting to access the five academic research centers created by the NSF.
offline browsing
The capability of a Web browser to enable users to read and navigate Web pages from a local hard drive when not connected to the Internet.
online service
A telecommunications service that supplies e-mail and information search tools.
Point to Point Protocol (PPP)
A communications protocol used for linking a computer directly to the Internet. PPP features include the ability to establish or terminate a session, to hang up and redial, and to use password protection.
push delivery
Technology that enables Web sites to automatically deliver preselected content to the user’s browser.
shell account
A type of Internet access used by remote terminal connections; operates from a host computer running UNIX or a similar operating system.
Serial Line Interface Protocol (SLIP)
A method for linking a computer directly to the Internet by using a phone line connected to a serial communications port.
A division of a domain address that specifies a particular level or area of an organization, such as a branch office.
system operator (sysop)
In an online discussion group, the person who monitors the discussion.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
The set of commands and timing specifications used by the Internet to connect dissimilar systems and control the flow of information.
An Internet tool that provides a transparent window between the user’s computer and a distant host system. Data is transmitted from the user’s keyboard to the host, effectively taking control of the host computer to access data, transmit files, and so on.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
An Internet address used with HTTP in the format type://address/path. The URL specifies the type of server on which the file is located, the address of the server, and the path or location within the file structure of the server.
A popular system of news groups accessible on the Internet and maintained by volunteers.
Acronym for Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computer Archives; a keyword search tool that finds and displays items
Web page
A document developed using HTTP and found on the World Wide Web. Web pages contain information about a particular subject with links to related Web pages and other resources.
A feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 and Windows 98, which enables the user to convert the Windows desktop into a Web browser called the Active Desktop. In this view, all documents, devices, Web pages, and so on, appear as hyperlinks rather than typical Windows icons.
Windows Sockets, a standard network interface that makes it possible to mix and match application programs from more than one developer to communicate across the Internet
World Wide Web (the Web or WWW)
An Internet service developed to incorporate footnotes, figures, and cross-references into online hypertext documents.