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15 Cards in this Set

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Normative event
predictable, happens within normal range, puberty, menapuse, marriage-experienced in a similar way by most people
Timmimng of events--crisis
Teen age pregnancy--unexpected occurance
social clock
set of cultural expectations when certauin life events should occur-marriage, parenthood, retirement
Research design--longitudional
same age, over time. can show age related changes/continulity, time consuming and expensive
research design--cross sectional
data collected on people of different ages at same time. show similarities and differences amongs age groups, speedy, economical. Cannot establish age effects/individual differences, confounded by cohort effects
cross sequential
combo of both
Data collection
self report-may be distorted, subject to memory
2< behavioral measures-can't measure attitudes
3.observational--lack of control, observer bias.
Continuity VS. stage theory
continuity-aging theory, people must maintian a balance of continuity and change in internal/external lives. Activity is the continuation of lifestyle
2. Stage-individuals go thru distinct stages of maturation, developing different abilities ar each stage
8 periods of lifespan
prenatal
infancy-0-3
early childhood-3-6
mid childhood-6-11
adolescence-12-20
young adulthood 20-40
middle adulthood 40-65
late adulthood-65+
Freud stages
Oral-0-12-18 months
anal-18months-4
oedipal/phallic-4-6
latency-6-11
genital-puberty on
Erickson stages
1. trust vs. mistrust-virtue hope=0-18 months
2. autonomy vs. shame and doubt=18 months-3. virtue-will
3. intitiative vs. guilt. virtue-purpose/accomplishment-3-6
4. industry vs. inferiority. virtues-skill, mastery, 6-11
5. identity vs, identity confusion-virtue fidelity-puberty to 20
6. intimacy vs. isolation, virtue-love 20-40
7.generativity vs. stagnation-40-65, virtue-care, giving back
8. integrity vs. despair- virtue-wisdom. 65-death.
Piaget stages
Sensorimotor-0-2, ends with object permanence, from random reflexive to goal oriented behavior
2. preoperational-2-7- symbolism, irreversibility, magical thinking, egocentricity, centrism, animism
3. concrete operational- 7-11-conservation, sorting, inductib=ve and deductive resoning, logic, stay in here and now
4. formal operation-11on--hypothetical, symbols
Mahler's stages
1. autism-birth to 4 weeks
2. symbiosis-4wks-5 months
3.differentiation-5-10 months-stranger anxiety
4.practicing-10-16 months
5.rapprochement-16-24 moths-separation anxiety
object constancy-24-36 months
Baurmrind model of parenting
1. authoritative-democratic, best. children are self reliant and self control.
2. permissive-agressive, entitled children
3. authoriterian- too much discipline, children either willful or withdrawn and distrustful without a sense of self and inititative
Bowlby
Protest, despair dettachment