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128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Actinum
Ac
Aluminium
Symbol: Al
Oxidation #: +3
Americium
Am
Antimony
Symbol: Sb
Oxidation #s: +3, +5
Argon
Ar
Arsenic
Symbol: As
Oxidation #s: +3, +5
Astatine
At
Barium
Symbol: Ba
Oxidation #: +2
Berkelium
Bk
Beryllium
Be
Bismuth
Symbol: Bi
Oxidation #s: +3, +5
Bohrium
Bh
Boron
B
Bromine
Symbol: Br
Oxidation #s: -1, 5 (+/- ?)
Cadmium
Cd
Cesium
Cs
Calcium
Symbol: Ca
Oxidation #: +2
Californium
Cf
Carbon
Symbol: C
Oxidation #s: +2, +4
Cerium
Ce
Chlorine
Symbol: Cl
Oxidation #s: -1, +5, +7
Chromium
Symbol: Cr
Oxidation #s: +2, +3, +6
Cobalt
Symbol: Co
Oxidation #s: +2, +3
Copper
Symbol: Cu
Oxidation #s: +1, +2
Curium
Cm
Dubnium
Db
Dysprosium
Dy
Einsteinium
Es
Erbium
Er
Europium
Eu
Fermium
Fm
Fluorine
Symbol: F
Oxidation #: -1
Francium
Fr
Gadolinium
Gd
Gallium
Ga
Germanium
Ge
Gold
Symbol: Au
Oxidation #s: +1, +3
Hafnium
Hf
Hassium
Hs
Helium
He
Holmium
Ho
Hydrogen
Symbol: H
Oxidation #s: -1, +1
Indium
In
Iodine
Symbol: I
Oxidation #s: -1, +5
Iridium
Ir
Iron
Symbol: Fe
Oxidation #s: +2, +3
Krypton
Kr
Lanthanum
La
Lawrencium
Lr
Lead
Symbol: Pb
Oxidation #s: +2, +4
Lithium
Li
Lutetium
Lu
Magnesium
Symbol: Mg
Oxidation #: +2
Manganese
Symbol: Mn
Oxidation #s: +2, +4, +7
Meitnerium
Mt
Mendelevium
Md
Mercury
Symbol: Hg
Oxidation #s: +1, +2
Molybdenum
Mo
Neodymuim
Nd
Neon
Ne
Neptunium
Np
Nickel
Symbol: Ni
Oxidation #: +2
Niobium
Nb
Nitrogen
Symbol: N
Oxidation #s: -3, +3, +5
Nobelium
No
Osmium
Os
Oxygen
Symbol: O
Oxidation #: -2
Palladium
Pd
Phosphorous
Symbol: P
Oxidation #s: -3, +3, +5
Platinum
Symbol: Pt
Oxidation #s: +2, +4
Plutonium
Pu
Polonium
Po
Potassium
Symbol: K
Oxidation #: +1
Praseodymium
Pr
Promethium
Pm
Protactinium
Pa
Radium
Ra
Radon
Rn
Rhenium
Re
Rhodium
Rh
Rubidium
Rb
Ruthenium
Ru
Rutherfordium
Rf
Samarium
Sm
Scandium
Sc
Seaborgium
Sg
Selenium
Se
Silicon
Symbol: Si
Oxidation #: +4
Silver
Symbol: Ag
Oxidation #: +1
Sodium
Symbol: Na
Oxidation #: +1
Strontium
Symbol: Sr
Oxidation #: +2
Sulfur
Symbol: S
Oxidation #s: -2, +4, +6
Tantalum
Ta
Technetium
Tc
Tellurium
Te
Terbium
Tb
Thallium
Tl
Thorium
Th
Thulium
Tm
Tin
Symbol: Sn
Oxidation #s: +2, +4
Titanium
Symbol: Ti
Oxidation #s: +3, +4
Tungsten
Symbol: W
Oxidation #: +6
Ununnilium
Uun
Unununium
Uuu
Ununbium
Uub
Ununquadium
Uuq
Uranium
U
Vanadium
V
Xenon
Xe
Ytterbium
Yb
Yttrium
Y
Zinc
Symbol: Zn
Oxidation #: +2
Zirconium
Zr
What are the inert gases?
Helium
Neon
Argon
Krypton
Xenon
Radon
In the Periodic Table, what are periods?
The horizontal lines of rows are known as periods.
In the Periodic Table, what are Groups (or Families)?
The vertical columns are known as Groups or Families.
What's the big deal with the Periodic Table?
1. It helps to organize many of the ideas of chemistry.
2. By using the table, one can find an element that is more or less metalic, more or less acidic, etc.
Define METAL.
They are solids (except for mercury), conduct electricity, usually ductile (drawn into wires), and malleable (can be rolled into sheets).
Define NON-METAL
These exist as solids, liquids, and gases. The main feature, is that they do not conduct electricity.
Define METALLOID
An element that some of the physical characteristics of a metal but some of the chemical characteristics of a non-metal.
Describe Group 1A.
The Alkali Metals: Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr

These are solid at room temperature, and are reactive (water). Because of their reactivity, these metals are only found in nature combined in compounds.
Define Group 2A
The Alkaline Earth Metals: Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra.

These metallic elements occur naturally only in compounds. And except for Beryllium, these also react with water to produce alkaline solutions. Magnesium and Calcium are the 7th and 5th most abundant elements in the earth's crust, respectively.
Describe Group 3A
Comprised of B, Al, Ga, In, Tl.

Al is a metal of great importance.

B is mined in Death Valley, CA, and is used as a cleaning agent, antiseptic, and flux for metal work.
Describe Group 4A
Comprised of C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb

Because of the change from nonmetallic to metallic behavior, more variation occures in the properties of the elements of this group than in most others.
Describe Group 5A.
Comprised of N, P, As, Sb, Bi

N (in the form N2), makes up about 3/4 of the earth's atmosphere, and incorporated in biochemically important substances such as chlorophyll, proteins, and DNA.

P is also essential to life as an important constituent in bones and teeth, plus it also glows in the dark.
Describe group 6A
O, S, Se, Te, Po

S was known as brimstone in ancient times.

S, Se, and Te are referred to as chalcogens (from the Greek work Khalkos, for copper) because copper ores contain them.
Describe Group 7A
Known as the Halogens: F, Cl, Br, I At
From the Greek word 'hals' meaining "salt," and 'genes' meaning "forming."

These are non-metals and exist as di-atomic molecules. They combine violently with metals to form "salts."
Describe Group 8A
Noble Gases: He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn (and sometimes H). Also called Inert or Rare gases.

These are the least reactive elements.