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13 Cards in this Set

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Parliamentary system
type of government in which the people elect representatives to a legislative body (the parliament) and the leader of the majority party in the parliament is the prime minister or chief executive.
Ladder of abstraction
It occurs when, in a spectrum of specific concepts, a term is applied as though it represented a more generic or more specific concept.
ex) if fruit is used to mean apple, it lowers the level of abstraction, but if apple is used to mena fruit it raises the level.
unit of analysis
refers to the things or cases being analyzed.
Diminished subtypes
adding adjectives to a concept and it does not meet all the criteria of that concept- it stretches the concept
classical Subtypes
Meet all core ideas in the original concept
Small N comparisons
small number of cases
can be both qualitative and quantitative
often a mix
usually has 2-10 cases
Country studies
implicitly or explicitly comparative
grounded in questions and literature
type of study that is most commonly done
Cross-national Studies
often quanitative data #s
can be universal, includes as many cases as possible generallize accuracy
test relationships among variables
Democracy
fully contested elections
full sufferage
absense of massive fraud
effective gauruntees of civil liberties
Political Participation
Parties having representation in a legislature in proportion to the number of their voters in the election.
Single-Member District Plurality or SMDP
The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority.
Political Culture
A political culture is a distinctive and patterned form of political philosophy that consists of beliefs on how governmental, political, and economic life should to be carried out.
Presidential System
the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative.
The defining characteristic of a presidential government is how the executive is elected
president is both head of state and head of government.
the president has a fixed term of office.
executive branch is unipersonal. Cabinet members serve at the pleasure of the president and can be removed at any time.