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140 Cards in this Set

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Ecology
La ecología
Issues
La cuestiones
Like the english word for question
to threaten the enviroment
amenazar el medioambiente
to waste natural resources
malgastar los recursos naturales
to waste coal
malgastar el carbón
to waste oil
malgasar el petróleo
to waste fresh water
malgasar el agua dulce
to waste
malgasar
to misuse
malgasar
to destroy ozone
destruir el ozone
to destroy tropical forests
destruir las selvas tropicales
to destroy woods
destruir los bosques
to destroy tropical jungles
destruir las selvas tropicales
to destroy forest
destruir los bosques
destruction
la destrucción
to pollute the lakes
contaminar los lagos
to pollute the rivers
contaminar los ríos
to pollute the oceans
contaminar los océanos
to pollute the ground
contaminar la tierra
to pollute the soil
contaminar la tierra
to pollute the earth
contaminar la tierra
to pollute the air
contaminar el aire
pollution by chemicals
la contaminación por químicos
pollution by garbage
la contaminación por basura
pollution by oils spills
la contaminación por derrames de petróleo
pollution by acid rain
la contaminación por la lluvia ácida
pollution by factory exhaust
la contaminación por el humo de las fábricas
pollution by auto exhaust
la contaminación por el escape de los automóviles
to consume
consumir
consumption
el consumo
to kill wild animals
matar los animales salvajes
to kill fish
matar los peces
to kill endanged plants
matar las plantas en peligro
Motor oil affects the water treatment plants.
El aceite de motor afecta las plantas de tratamiento de aquas
pasar leyes
to pass laws
conservar electricidad
to conserve electricity
salvar las especies amenazadas
to save endangered species
eliminar los desperdicios
to eliminate waste
conservar energía
to conserve energy
advertir del problema
to advise about the problem
cortar el agua
to turn off the water
apagar la luz
to turn off the lights
bajar la calefaccion
to lower the heat
to contribute to ecology
contribuir a la ecología
to reduce the damage
reducir el daño
to throw garbage in the trash can
echar basura en el basurero
to recycle...
reciclar...
to recycle paper and cardboard
reciclar el papel y el cartón
to recycle plastic containers
reciclar los contenedores de plástico
to recycle wood
reciclar la mader
to recycle aluminum cans
reciclar las latas de aluminio
to recycle glass bottles
reciclar las botellas de cristal
to recycle clothing
reciclar la ropa
to recycle tires
reciclar las llantas
to recycle metal
reciclar el metal
to recycle batteries (flashlight)
reciclar las pilas
to recycle batteries (car)
reciclar las baterías
to prohibit the use of...
prohibir el uso de...
to prohit the use of flurocarbons
prohibir el uso de los fluorocarburos
to prohibit the use of chemicals
prohibir el uso de los químicos
to prohibit the use of petroleum products
prohibir el uso de los productos de petróleo
to prohibit the use of detergents with phosphates
prohibir el uso de los detergentes con fosfatos
to prohibit the use of Styrofoam
prohibir el uso del estirofoma
to prohibit the use of insecticide
prohibir el uso del insecticida
to increase the use of...
aumentar el uso de...
to increase the use of recycled paper
aumentar el uso de el papel reciclado
to increase the use of natural gas
aumentar el uso del gas natural
to increase the use of biodegradable detergents
aumentar el uso de los detergentes biodegradables
to increase the use of natural fertilizers
aumentar el uso de los fertilizantes naturales
to increase the use of solar energy
aumentar el uso de la energía solar
to increase the use of nuclear energy
aumentar el uso de la energía nuclear
to increase the use of hydroelectric energy
aumentar el uso de la energía hidroeléctrica
to increase the use of wind-powered energy
aumentar el uso de la energía del viento
to learn about ecology
aprender de la ecología
to waste no time
no perder(ie)tiempo
to destroy
destruir
to build
construir
to contribute
contribuir
to distribute
distribuir
to include
incluir
to influence
influir
to substitute
sustituir
For verbs that end in uir, IMPERFECT endings.
infinitive-ed
was/were infinitive-ing
yo - uía
tú - uías
Ud./él/ella - uía
nosotros(as) - uíamos
vosotros(as) - uíais
Uds./ellos/ellas - uían
Verbs that end in -uir PRETERITE tense.
ver-ed
did verb
yo - uía
tú - uiste
Ud./él/ella - uyó
nosotros(as) - uimos
vosotros(as) - uisteis
Uds./ellos/ellas - uyeron
i changes to y between vowels
Verbs that end in -uir PRESENT tense.
verb(s)
am/is/are verb-ing
do/does/ verb
yo - uyo
tú - uyes
Ud./él/ella - uye
nosotros(as) - uimos
vosotros(as) - uís
Uds./ellos/ellas - uyen
y added to "boot" forms
Verbs that end in -uir FUTURE tense.
will verb
yo - uiré
tú - uirás
Ud./él/ella - uirá
nosotros(as) - uiremos
vosotros(as) - uiréis
Uds./ellos/ellas - uirán
Verbs that end in -ducir IMPERFECT tense.
verb-ed
was/were verb-ing
used to verb
yo - ucía
tú - ucías
Ud./él/ella - ucía
nosotros(as) - ucíamos
vosotros(as) - ucíais
Uds./ellos/ellas - ucían
Verbs that end in -ducir PRETERITE tense.
ver-ed
did verb
yo - uje
tú - ujiste
Ud./él/ella - ujo
nosotros(as) - ujimos
vosotros(as) - ujisteis
Uds./ellos/ellas - ujeron
"combo" verbs, no i in ellos form
Verbs that end in -ducir PRESENT tense.
verb(s)
am/is/are verb-ing
do/does/ verb
yo - uzco
tú - uces
Ud./él/ella - uce
nosotros(as) - ucimos
vosotros(as) - ucís
Uds./ellos/ellas - ucen
yo form ends in -zco
Verbs that end in -ducir FUTURE tense.
will verb
yo - uciré
tú - ucirás
Ud./él/ella - ucirá
nosotros(as) - uciremos
vosotros(as) - uciréis
Uds./ellos/ellas - ucirán
to reduce
reducir
to drive
conducir
to translate
tranducir
to produce
producir
to introduce
introducir
Present Subjunctive Irregular verbs
haber
ir
ser
saber
estar
dar
to advise
aconsejar
to tell
decir
to let
dejar
to allow
dejar
to wish
desear
to want
desear
to hope
esperar
to require
exigir
to demand
exigir
to make
hacer
to cause
hacer
to prevent
impedir (i,i)
to insist (on)
insistir (en)
to command
mandar
to order
mandar
to ask for
pedir (ir)
to request
pedir (ir)
to allow
permitir
to permit
permitir
to prefer
prefeir (ie,i)
to forbid
prohibir
to prohibit
prohibir
to wish
querer (ie)
to want
querer (ie)
to recommend
recomendar (ie)
to beg
rogar (ue)
to request
rogar (ue)
to suggest
sugerir (ie,i)
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs - AR
-e
-es
-e
-emos
-eis
-en
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs - ER
-a
-as
-a
-amos
-ais
-an
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs - IR
-a
-as
-a
-amos
-ais
-an
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs -car change
-car becomes -que
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs -gar change
-gar becomes -gue
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs -zar change
-zar becomes -ce
Present Subjunctive Regular verbs -ger change
-ger becomes -ja
Present Subjunctive Stem Changing Verbs for AR
Change in the "boot" form. No change in nosotros or vosotros form
Present Subjunctive Stem Changing Verbs for ER
Change in the "boot" form. No change in nosotros or vosotros form
Present Subjunctive Stem Changing Verbs for IR
Have both stem changes, the first stem change int eh "boot" form and the second change in the nostotros(as) and vostros(as) forms.
Conjugate
haber
Present Subjunctive Form
haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayáis
hayan
Conjugate
ir
Present Subjunctive Form
vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayáis
vayan
Conjugate
ser
Present Subjunctive Form
sea
seas
sea
seamos
seáis
sean
Conjugate
saber
Present Subjunctive Form
sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepáis
sepan
Conjugate
estar
in the Present Subjunctive
esté
estés
esté
estemos
estéis
estén
Conjugate
dar
in the Present Subjunctive

des

demos
deis
den