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22 Cards in this Set

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What are the symptoms that fall into the Pressures Toward Uniformity category?
1. Self-censorship.
2. Illusion of Unanimity.
3. Self-appointed mindguards.
4. Direct Pressure on Dissenters.
What are the symptoms of Groupthink?
1. Overestimation of the group.
2. Closed-mindedness.
3. Pressures toward uniformity.
What are the Three Antecedent Conditions of Groupthink?
1. High cohesiveness of the decision-making group.
2. Specific structural characteristics of the environment in which the group functions.
3. Stressful internal and external characteristics of the situation.
What is the term that means that group members hold their input rather than risk rejection.
Affiliative constraints.
What are the group members who shield the group from adverse information?
Self-Appointed Mindguards.
What is the system that includes the behaviors of illusion of invulnerability and an unquestioned belief in the group's inherent morality?
Overestimation of the group.
What refers to a group's ability to be un-affected by the outside world?
Group Insulation.
What is defined as a way of deliberating that group members use when their desire for unanimity overrides their motivation to assess all available plans of action.
Groupthink
What can be defined as a group's belief that they are special enough to overcome any obstacles or setbacks.
Illusion of invulnerability.
What pertains to self-censorship, a shared illusion of unanimity, the emergence of self-appointed "mindguards," and pressures on dissenters?
Pressures toward uniformity.
What refers to stereotyping of the enemy and a collective rationalization?
Closed-mindedness.
What are the assumptions of Groupthink?
1. Group problem solving is primarily a unified process.
2. Groups and group decision making are frequently complex.
3. Conditions in groups promote high cohesiveness.
What are used in that their main goal is to make decisions and give policy recommendations?
Problem-solving groups and task-oriented groups.
What refers to the situation where group members ignore warnings that might prompt them to reconsider their thoughts and actions before they reach a final decision?
Collective Rationalization.
What is when the group perceives itself to be good, they believe that all decision making must, therefore be good?
Belief in the Inherent Morality of the Group.
What is the symptom that involves pressuring any group member who expresses opinions, viewpoints, or commitments that are contrary to the group's?
Pressures on Dissenters.
What refers to group members' tendency to minimize their doubts and counterarguments?
Self-Censorship.
What are the stereotyped perceptions of rivalries or enemies which underscore the fact that any adversaries are either too weak or too stupid to counter offensive attacks?
Out-group stereotypes.
What suggests that silence signifies consent?
Illusion of Unanimity.
What are group members who refuse to participate in the decision-making process because it would violate their conscience?
Conscientious Objectors.
What are the symptoms that fall into the Overestimation of the Group's category?
1. Illusion of Vulnerability.
2. Belief in inherent morality of the group.
What are the symptoms that fall into the Closed-Mindedness category?
1. Stereotypes of Out-Groups.
2. Collective Rationalizations.