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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
interpersonal communication
communication that occurs simultaneously with another person in an attempt to mutually influence one another, usually for the purpose of managing relationships
impersonal communication
communication that treats people as objects or that only responds to their roles rather than who they are as unique people
relationship
an ongoing connection made with another person
relationship of circumstance
a relationship that forms situationally, simply because one life overlaps with another in some way
relationship of choice
a relationship that is sought out and intentionally developed
attraction
a motivational state that causes someone to think, feel, and usually behave in a positive manner toward another person.
interpersonal attraction
the degree to which one desires to form or maintain an interpersonal relationship with another person
short-term initial attraction
a degree of potential for developing an interpersonal relationship with someone
long-term maintenance attraction
a level of liking or positive feeling that motivates one to maintain or escalate a relationship
similarity
having like characteristics, values, attitudes, interests, or personality traits with another person
physical attraction
the degree to which one finds another person's physical self appealing
sexual attraction
a desire to have sexual contact with a certain person
matching hypothesis
a tendency to seek out individuals who represent the same level of physical attractiveness as oneself
proximity
the likelihood of being attracted to people who are physically close rather than to those who are farther away
complementarity
the tendency to be attracted to persons with abilities, interests, and needs that differ from one's own, but that balance or round out one's own
inclusion
the need to involve others in one's activities or to be involved in the activities of others
control
the need to make decisions and take responsibility; the level of willingness to accept others' decision making
affection
the need to be loved and accepted by others; the willingness to give love and acceptance to others
immediacy
feelings of liking, pleasure, and closeness communicated by such nonverbal cues as eye contact, forward lean, touch, and open body orientation
uncertainty-reduction theory
a driving human motivation to increase predictability by reducing the unknown in one's circumstances
passive strategy
a noncommunicative strategy of reducing uncertainty by observing others and situations
active strategy
a communicative strategy of reducing uncertainty by getting information from a third party
interactive strategy
a strategy of communicating directly to the source who has the greatest potential to reduce one's certainty
conversational narcissism
a communication style emerging from the view that one is the center of the universe
self-absorbed communicator style
a dominating communication style in which one focuses the attention on the self
self-disclosure
voluntarily providing information to others that they would not learn if one did not tell them
reciprocity
sharing information about oneself with another person, with the expectation that the other person will share information that is similar in risk or depth
appropriateness
an aspect of self-disclosure related to the propriety of revealing certain information to another person
social penetration
a model of self-disclosure that depicts both the breadth and depth of information shared with another person
Johari wondow
a model that explains how self-disclosure varies from relationship to relationship; reflects various stages of relational development, degrees of self-awareness, and others' perceptions