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256 Cards in this Set

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aggregate
v.gather;accumulate

aggregate great wealth in short periods of time
alacrity
n.cheerful promptness;eagerness

They packed up the ski and climbed into the van with alacrity
amalgamate
v.combine;unite in one body

the union will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body
ambiguous
adj.unclear or doubtful in meaning

His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take
ambivalence
n.the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.

Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the ambivalence of her feelings.
ameliorate
v.improve

I try to ameliore the working environment
anachronism
n.something or someone misplaced in time

Shakespeare's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism; no clocks existed in Caesar's time
analogus
adj.comparable

She called our attention to the things that had been done in an analogous situation and recommended that we do the same
anarchy
n.absence of governing body;state of disorder

The assassination of the leaders led to a period of anarchy
anomalous
adj.abnormal;irregular

she was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures that she despised
antipathy
n.aversion;dislike

Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife; Among his other anitipathy are honking cars, boom boxes, and heavy metal rock.
apathy
n.lack of caring;indifference

A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote
appease
v.pacify or soothe;relieve

I tried to appease the crying baby; They appeased his hunger by giving him a cookie.
apprise
v.inform

I was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions.
approbation
n.approval

She looks for her boss approbation to proceed
appropriate
v.acquire;take possission of for one's own use

The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for indian's use
arduous
adj.hard;strenuous

Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy
artless
adj.without guile;open and honest

an artless comment
ascetic
adj.practicing self-denial;austere

ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.
assiduous
adj.diligent

it took me weeks of assiduous labor before my supervisor is satisfied with my work
assuage
v.ease or lessen(pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe(anger);

assuage my heartache;assuaged my appetite.
attenuate
v.make thin;weaken

By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines
audacious
adj.daring;bold

audacious , death-defying leap to freedom;an audacious plan to strike back at the enemy
austere
adj.forbiddingly stern;severely simple and unornamented

headmaster's austere demeanor; a simple and austere room.
autonomous
adj.self-governing

an autonomous university
aver
v.state confidently

i wish to aver that he is a bafoon;He aver that he is innocent
banal
adj.hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality

reporters ask the most banal of questions
bolster
v.support;reinforce

use the evidence to bolster my argument
bombastic
adj.pompous; using inflated language

the moron spoke in such a bombastic manner
boorish
adj. rude; insensitive

man's boorish behavior
burgeon
v.grow forth;send out buds

In the spring, the plants begin to burgeon
burnish
v.make shiny by rubbing;polish

The maid burnished the brass fixtures until they reflected the lamplight
buttress
v.support;prop up

architects buttress the walls of cathedrals with flying buttresses, debater buttress their arguments with facts
chicanery
n.trickery;deception

Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred, made up all sorts of lie to confuse the jurors, and in general depend on chincanery to win the case
coagulate
v.thicken;congeal;clot

Even after you remove the pudding from the burner, it will continue to coagulate as it stands
coda
n.concluding section of a musical or literary composition

The piece concluded with a distinctive coda that strikingly brought together various motifs
cogent
adj.convincing

he had several cogent reasons for going there
commensurate
adj.equal in extent.

your reward will be commensurate with your effort
compendium
v.brief,comprehensive summary.

This text can serve as a compendium of the tremendous amout of new material being developed in this field
complaisant
adj.trying to please;obliging

The courtier obeyed the king's orders in a complaisant manner
compliant
adj.yielding;conforming to requirements

Because Joel usually gave in and went along with whatever his friends desired, his mother worried that he might be too compliant
conciliatory
adj.reconciling;soothing

she was still angry despite his concilitory words.
condone
v.overlook;forgive;give tacit approval;excuse

Unlike Widow Douglass, who condoned Hucks' minor offenses, Miss Watson did nothing but scold
confound
v.confuse;puzzle

no mystery could confound Sherlock Holmes for long
connoisseur
n.person competent to act as a judge of art, etc; a lover of an art

She had developed into a connoisseur of fine china
contention
n.claim;thesis

It is our contention that, if youfollow our tactics, you will boost your score on the GRE v.contend
contentious
adj.quarrelsome

The coach became so contentious that the referees threw him out of the game
contrite
adj.penitent悔罪的;痛悔的

Her contrite tears did not influence the judge when he imposed sentence. n.contrition
conundrum
n.riddle;difficult problem

during the long car ride, she invented conundrums to entertain the children
converge
v.approach;tend to meet; come together.

everyone converged on Washinton to take part in the parade
convoluted
adj.coiled around; involed; intricate

his argument was so convoluted that few of us could follow it.
craven
adj.cowardly

Charlie's craven refusal to ask the girl out was funny
desultory
adj.aimless;haphazard;digressing at random

reading was purposeful, not desultory
deterrent
n.something that discourages;hindrance

does the threat of capital punishment serve as deterrent to potential killers?
diatribe
n.bitter scolding; invective.

during lengthy diatribe delivered by his opponent he remained calm and self controlled
dichotomy
n.split;branching into two parts (especially contridictory ones).

Willie didn't know how to resolve the dichotomy between his ambition to go to college and his childhood longing to run away and join the circus
diffidence
n.shyness

you must overcome your diffidence if you intent to become a salesperson
diffuse
adj.wordy;rambling;spread out (like a gas)

if you pay authors by the word, you tempt them to produce diffuse manuscripts rather than brief ones.
digression
n.wandering away from the subject

The professor wandered away from their official theme; his digressions were always more fascinating than the topic of the day
dirge
n.lament with music

The funeral dirge stirred us to tears
disabuse
v.correct a false impression; undeceive

i will attempt to disabuse you of your impression of my client's guilt; i know he is innocent
discerning
adj.mentally quick and observant; having insight.

Though no genius, the star was sufficiently discerning to distinguish her true friends from the countless phonies
discordant
adj. not harmonious; conflicting

Nothing is quite so discordant as the sound of a juunior high school orchestra tuning up
discredit
v.defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve

the campaign was highly negative in tone; each candidate tried to discredit the other
disingenuous
adj.not naive; sophisticated

although he was young, his remarks indicated that he was disingenuous
disinterested
adj.unprejudiced.

give the judge's political ambitions and the lawyers' financial interest in the case, the only disinterested person in the courtroom may have been the court reporter.
disjointed
adj.disconnected.

his remarks were so disjointed that we could not follow his reasoning
disparage
v.belittle.

A doting mother, Emma was more likely to praise her son's crude attempts at art than to disparage them
disparate
adj. basically different; unrelated

Unfortunately Tony and Tina have disparate notions of marriage.
dissemble
v.disguise;pretend

even though john tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance, we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls
disseminate
v.distribute;spread;scatter(like seeds)

The folklore has been disseminated over the internet for awhile
dissolution
n.disintegration; losseness in morals.

The profligacy and dissolution of life in Caligula's Rome appal some historians
dissonance
n.discord; opposite of harmony

Composer Charles Ives often used dissonance - clasing or unresolved chords == for special effects in his musical works
distend
v.expand;swell out

I can tell when he is under stress by the way the veins distend on his forehead
distill
v.purify;refine;concentrate

A moonshiner distills mash into whiskey; an epigrammatist distills thoughts into quips.
diverge
v.vary; go in different directions from the same point.

The spokes of the wheel diverge from the hub
divest
v.strip; deprive

He was diversted of his power to act and could no longer govern n.divestiture
dogmatic
adj.opinionated; arbitrary; doctrinal.

We tried to discourage Doug from being dogmatic.
dupe
n.someone easily fooled

while the gullible Watson often was made a dupe by unscrupulous parties, Sherlock Holmes was far more difficult to fool
ephemeral
adj.short-lived; fleeting

The mayfly is an ephemeral creature; its adult life lasts little more than a day
equanimity
n.calmness of temparament;composure

When one is happy, one can look at both comedy and tragedy with equanimity
equivocate
v.lie;mislead;attemp to conceal the truth.

He does not equivocate. "We don't have any evidence that this is a serious problem," he says flatly
erudite
adj.learned; scholarly

Though his fellow studnets thought him erudite, He knew he would have to spend many years in serious study
esoteric
adj.hard to understand; known only to the chosen few.

esoteric and occult belief
eulogy
n.expression of praise,often on the occasion of someone's death.

Instead of delivering an eulogy at his funeral, he sang a song instead
euphemism
n.mild expression in place of an unpleasant one

The expression "he passed away" is an euphemisum for "he died"
exacerbate
v.worsen;embitter

The latest bombing exacerbated England's already existing biterness against the IRA
exculpate
v.clear from blame

She was exculpated of the crime when the real criminal confessed
extrapolation
n.projection;conjecture

based on their extrapolation from the results of the primaries on Super Tuesday, the net works predicted that...
foment
v.stir up;instigate

Cynical politicians may even foment conflicts among groups to advance their own power
forestall
v.prevent by taking action in advance.

I left the room to forestall any involvements.
frugality
n.thrift;economy

you must practice frugality in order to save money n.frugal
goad
v.urge on

she was goaded by her friends until she yielded to their wishes.
gouge (1)
v.overcharge

the ticket sellers try to gouge the public
grandiloquent
adj.pompous;bombastic;using high sounding language

The politician could never speak simply; she was always grandiloquent
gregarious
adj.socialble

typically, party throwers are gregarious
guileless
adj.without deceit.

He is naive, simple and guildless
gullible
adj.easily deceived.

gullible people have only themselves to blame if they fall for con artists
hyperbole
adj.overstatement, exaggeration

Apple's claim about the new computer is pure hyperbole
impermeable
adj.impervious; not permitting passage through its substance

The new material is impermeable to liquids
imperturbable
adj.calm;placid

I remained imperturbable and in full command of the situation in spite of the hysteria and panic all around me n.impertinenece
impervious
adj.impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed

Impervious to damage.
Having read so many negative reviews of his acting, movie star was now impervious to criticism
implacable
adj. incapable of being pacified.

Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Evremonde family
implicit
adj.understood but not stated

Jack never told Jill he adored her; he believed his love was implicit in his deeds
inadvertently
adv.unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly.

I inadvertenly omit a question on the exam and mismark her whole answer sheet
inchoate
adj.recently begun; rudimentary; elementary.

You take on a project because of the feeling, perhaps inchoate, that it may in some way contribute to your deeper understanding of the larger-scale research program you have chosen as your life's work.
incongruity
n.lack of harmony; absurdity

The incongruity of his wearing sneakers with formal attire amused the observers. adj incongruous
inconsequential
adj.insignificant; unimportant

The test mark is inconsequential
incorporate
v.introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite

Breaking with precedent, the president ordered the military to incorporate blacks into the arm force
inderterminate
adj.uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite

It remain indeterminate when the typhoon is going to arrive
indigence
n.poverty

We need to find a way to eliminate indigence from our society
indolent
adj.lazy

Couch potatoes lead an indolent life lying back in their recliners
inert
adj.inactive; lacking power to move

I like ot lay in bed inert on a saturday morning
ingenuous
adj. naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated

a very ingenuous person n.ingenue
inherent
adj.firmly established by nature of habit.

Katya's inherent love of justice.
innocuous
adj.harmless

An occasional glass of wine with dinner is relatively innnocuous and should have no ill effect on most people
insensible
adj. unconscious; unresponsive

He seems insensible to shame
insinuate
v.hint; imply; creep in

When you said i looked robust, did you mean to insinuate that i'm getting fat?
insipid
adj. lacking in flavor; dull

Flat prose and flat ginger ale are equally insipid;
insularity
n.narrow-mindedness; isolation.

The insularity of the islanders manifested itself in thier suspicion of anything foreign. adj.insular
intractable
adj.unruly; stubborn; unyielding

Charlie Brown's friend Pigmpen was intractable: He absolutely refused to take a bath
intransigence
n.refusal of any compromise; stubborness

The negotiating team had not expected such intransigence from the striking workers, who rejected any hint of a compromise. adj.intransigent
inundate
v.overwhelm; flood; submerge

This season, i am inundated with work; The waters of the Nile used to inundate the river valley every year
inured
adj.accustomed; hardened.

She became inured to the Alaskan cold
invective
n.Denunciatory or abusive language

He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal
irascible
adj.irritable; easily angered.

My boss's irasible temper intimidated the newcomer
irresolute
adj.uncertain how to act;weak

A leader should never appear irresolute
itinerary
n.plan of a trip

Disliking sudden changes in plans when she traveled abroad,Ethel refused to make any alterations in her itinerary
lethargic
adj.drowsy; dull

The full room made her lethargic; she felt as if she was about to nod off
levity
n.lack of seriuosness or steadiness; frivolity

Stop giggling and wriggling: such levity is improper in Church.
loquacious
adj.talkative

put a phone in a woman's hand and see how loquacious she can be
lucid
adj.easily understood; clear; intelligible

Her explanations of technical points are lucid enough for a child to grasp n.lucidity
luminous
adj.shining; issuing light

The sun is a luminous body
meticulous
adj.excessively careful; painstaking; scrupulous

Martha Stewart was a meticulous housekeeper
misanthrope
n.one who hates mankind.
mitigate
v.appease; moderate

Nothing Jason did could mitigate Medea's anger; she refused to forgive him
mollify
v.soothe

The airline customer service representative tried to mollify the angry passenger
morose
adj.ill-humored; sullen; melancholy

Forced to take early retirement, Billa acted morose for months
mundane
adj. worldly as opposed to spiritual; everyday

mundane matter like doing lungery
obdurate
adj.stubborn

He was obdurate in his refusal to listen to our complaints.
obsequious
adj.slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic

Nothing irritated me more than an excessively obsequious waiter or a fawning salesclerk
onerous
adj.burdensome

She asked for an assistant because her work load was too onerous
opprobrium
n.infamy; vilification

He refused to defend himself against the slander and opprobrium hurled against him by the newspapaers;
ostentatious
adj.showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention

Trump's latest casino in Atlantic City is the most ostentatious gambling palace in the East
paragon
n.model of perfection

Even his friends and business associates, men and women alike, were paragons of health: avoiders of fatty foods, moderate drinkers, health-club habitues, lovers of cross-country skiing, weekend canoe trips, and daylong hikes in the North Woods.
partisan
adj. one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party

The democrats and Republicans spend their time one partisan struggles
pathological
adj.pertaining to disease

Let's study the pathological aspects of this disease
paucity
n.scarcity

They closed the restaurant because the paucity of customers made it uneconomical to operate
pedantic
adj.showing off learning; bookish

He is erudite, but neither stuffy nor pedantic
penchant
n.Strong inclination; liking

Dave has a penchant for taking risks;
perennial
n.something long-lasting

that hardy perennial, the budget deficit
perfidious
adj.treacherous; disloyal

when caesar realized that brutus had betrayed him, he reproached his perfidious friend. n.perfidy
perfunctory
adj.superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care or enthusiasm.

The auditor's perfunctory inspection of the books overlooked many erros
permeable
adj.penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through.

If you jogging clothes weren't made out of permeable fabric, you'd drown in your own sweat
pervasive
adj. spread throughout

despite airing them for several hours, she could not rid her clothes of the pervasive odor of mothballs that clung to them v.pervade
piety
n.devoutness; reverence for God

Living her life in prayer and good works, Mother Teresa exemplified the true spirit of piety. adj.pious
placate
v.pacify; conciliate

The store manager tried to placate the angry customer, offering to replace the damaged merchandise or to give back her money
plasticity
n.ability to be molded

when clay dries out, it loses its plasticity and becomes less malleable
platitude
n.trite remark; commonplace statement

In giving advice to his son, old Polonius expressed himself only in platitudes; every word out of his mouth was a truism
plethora
n.excess; overabundance

she offered a plethora of excuses for her shortcomings
porous
adj.full of pores; like a sieve

Dancers like to wear porous clothing because it allows the ready passage of water and air
pragmatic
adj. practical; concerned with the practical worth or impact of something

This coming trip to France should provide me with a pragmatic test of the value of my conversational French class
preamble
n.introductory statement

In the Preample to the Constitution , the purpose of the document is set forth.
precarious
adj.uncertain; risky

a precarious solution to a difficult problem
precipitate
adj.rash; premature; hasty; sudden

Though I was angry enough to resign on the spot, I had enough sense to keep myself from quitting a job in such a precipitate fachion
precursor
n.forerunner.

Though Gray and Burns share many traits with the Romatic poets who followed them, most critics consider them precursors of the Romantic Movement, not true Romantics
presumptuous
adj. arrogant; taking liberties.

It seems presumptuous for one so relatively new to the field to challenge the conclusions of its leading experts
prevaricate
v. lie. Some people believe that to prevaricate in a good cause is justifiable and regard the statment as a "while lie"
pristine
adj. characteristic of earlier times; primitive, unspoiled.

This area has been preserved in all its pristine wildness
probity
n.uprightness; incorruptibility

Everyone took his probity for granted; his defalcations, therefore, shocked us all
prodigal
adj.wasteful; reckless with money

don't be so prodigal spending my money; when you've earned some money, you can waste as much of it as you want!
prohibitive
adj. tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; inclined to prevent or forbid

Susie wanted to buy a new Volvo but had to settle for a sued Dodge because the new car's price was prohibitive
proliferate
v. grow rapidly; spread; multiply

Times of economic hardship inevitably encourage countless get-rich-quick schemes to proliferate. n.proliferationn
propensity
n. natural inclination

Convinced of his own talent, Sol has an unfortunate propensity to belittle the talents of others
propitiate
v.appease

The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods
propriety
n.fitness; correct conduct

Miss Manners counsels her readers so that they may behave with propriety in any social situation and not embarrrass themselves
proscribe
v.ostracize; banish; outlaw

Even in war there are rules and accepted norms of behaviour that prohibit the use of certain types of weapons, proscribe various tactics and outlaw attacks on specific categories of targets.
pungent
adj.stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic

The pungent odor of ripe Limburger cheese appealed to Simone but made Stanley gag; pungent satire; N.pungency
qualified
adj.limited; restricted.

Unable to give the candidate full support, the mayor gave him only a qualified endorsement
recalcitrant
adj. obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly.

Which animal do you think is more recalcitrant, a pig or a mule?
recluse
n.hermit; loner

Disappointed in love, Miss Emily became a recluse; she shut herself away in her empty mansion and refused to see another living soul. ADJ. reclusive
refractory
adj.stubborn; unmanageable

The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey
refute
v.disaprove.

The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the false testimony of the prosecution's only witness N.refutation
relegate
v. banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign.

After Ralph dropped his second tray of drinks that week, the manager swiftly relegated him to a minor post cleaning up behind the bar
reproach
v.express disapproval or disappointment.

He never could do anything wrong without imaging how the look on his mother's face would reproach him afterwards.
N.reproachful
reprobate
n.person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency.

I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the reprobate you say he is
repudiate
v.disown; disavow

On separating from tony, Tina announced that she would repudiate all debts incurred by her soon-to-be ex-husband.
rescind
v.cancel

Because of the public outcry against the new taxes, the senator propsed a bill to rescind the unpopular financial measure
resolution
n.determination

Nothing could shake his resolution to succeed despite all difficulties. ADJ.resolute
resolve
n.determination; firmness of purpose

How dare you question my resolve to take up sky-diving! Of course i haven't change my mind!
reticent
adj.reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence.

Fearing his competitors might get advance word about his plans from talkative staff memebers, Hughes preferred reticent employees to loquacious ones, N.reticence
reverent
adj. respectful; worshipful.

They all maintained a reverent silence. V.revere. N.reverence
secrete
v.hide away or cache; produce and release a substance into an organism

The pack rat secretes odds and ends in its nest; the pancreas secretes insulin in the islets of Langerhans
solicitous
adj.worried, concerned

The employer was very solicitous about the health of her employees as there are paucity of replacement right now N.solicitude
soporific
adj. sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness.

Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class
specious
adj.seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading(often intentionally).

A specious theory is confuted by this free and perfect experiment
sporadic
adj.occurring irregularly.

Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laghter and singing outside, the big Halloween parade has passed
stigma
n.token of disgrace; brand.恥辱,污名

Her behavior will leave a stigma on her family
stint
v. be thrifty 節省,吝惜; set limits

"Spare no expense", the bride's father said, refusing to stint on the wedding arragments;
I have to stint myself of food.
stipulate
v.make express conditions in an condition, specify.

Before agreeing to reduce Amercican military forces in Europe, the president stipulated that NATO teams be allowed to inspect Russian bases
stolid
adj.dull;impassive

The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual stolid demeanor; trembling, he crouched on the no longer stable ground N.stolidity
striated
adj.marked with parallel bands; grooved

The glacier left many striated rocks. V.striate
strut (1)
n.pompous walk.

His strut as he marched about the parade ground revealed him for what he was; a pompous buffon
strut (2)
n.supporting bar

The engineer calculated that the strut supporting the rafter needed to be reinforced
subpoena
n.writ summoning a witness to appear

The prosecutor's office was ready to serve a subpoena on the reluctant witness
subside
v.settle down; descend; grow quiet

The doctor assured us that the fever would eventually subside.
substantiate
v.establish by evidence; verify; support

These endorsements from satisfied customers substantiate our claim that the book is a best seller
supersede
v.cause to be set aside; replace; make obsolete

Steam locomotives were superseded by diesel
supposition
n.hypothesis; surmise

I based my decision to confide in him on the supposition that he would be discreet V.suppose
tacit
adj. understood; not put into words

We have a tacit agreement based on only a handshake
tangential
adj.peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing.

dispite Clark's attempts to distract her with tangential remarks, Lois kept on coming back to her main question: Why couldn't he come out to dinener with Superman and her?
tirade
n.extended scolding; denunciation; harangue

Everytime the boss holds a meeting, he goes into a lengthy tirade, scolding us for everything from tardiness to padding our expenses
torpor
n.lethargy; sluggishness; dormancy.

Throughout the winter, nothing aroused the bear from his torpor. He would not emerge from hibernation until spring. ADJ.torpid
tortuous
adj.winding;full of curves

Because this road is so tortuous, it is unwise to go faster than twenty miles an hour on it
tractable
adj.docile; easily managed.

Although Susan seemed a tractable young woman, she had a stubborn streak of independence that occassionally led her to defy the powers-that-be when she felt they were in the wrong. N.tractabiilty
transgression
n.violation of a law; sin

Forgive us our transgressions; apologize for one's transgressions
truculence
n.aggressiveness; ferocity

Tynan's reviews were noted for their caustic attacks and general tone of truculence. ADJ.truculent
vacillate
v.waver;fluctuate

Uncertain which suitor she ought to marry, the princess vacillated, saying now one, now the other
venerate
v.revere

In Tibet today, the common people sill venerate their traditional spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama
veracious
Adj. truthful.

I can reccommend him for this position because i have always found him veracious and reliable N.veracity
verbose
adj.wordy

We had to make some major cuts in Senator Foghorn's speech because it was far too verbose. N.verbosity
viable
adj. practical or workable; capable of maintaining life.

The plan to build a new baseball stadium. though missing a few details, is viable and stands a good chance of winning popular support.
viscous
adj.sticky, gluey

Melted tar is a viscous substance. N. viscosity
vituperative
adj.abusive; scolding

He became more vituperative as he realized that we were not going to grant him his wish
volatile
adj.changeable; explosive; evaporating rapidly.

The political climate today is extremely volatile; no one can predict what the electorate will do next.

MariaCalla's temper was extremely volatile; the only thing you could predict was that she would blow up.

Acetone is an extremely volatile liquid. It evaporates instantly
warranted
adj.justified; authorized

Before the judge issues the injunction, you must convice her this action is warranted
wary
adj.very cautious.

The spies grew wary as they approached the sentry
welter
n.turnoil; bewildering jumble

The existing welter of overlapping federal and state proclaims cries out for immediate reform;the daily welter of details and little problems
whimsical
n.caprcious; fanciful
abate
v.subside or moderate
abberant
adj.abnormal or deviant
abeyance
n.suspended action
abscond
v.depart secretly and hide
abstemious
adj.sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
admonish
v.warn; reprove
adulterate
v.make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
aesthetic
adj.artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
belie
v.contradict; give a false impression

his coarse , hard-bitten exterior belied his innate sensitivity
beneficent
adj.kindly; doing good
cacophonous
adj.discordant; inharmonious
capricious
adj.unpredictable; fickle
castigation
n.punishment; severe criticism
catalyst
n.agent that brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
caustic
adj.buring; sarcastically biting

caustic remark
daunt
v.intimidate; frighten
decimate
v.kill, usually one out of ten
decorum
n.propriety;
default
n.failure to act
deference
n.courteous regard for another's wish
delineate
v.portray; depict; sketch
denigrate
v.blacken
deride
v.ridicule; make fun of
derivative
adj.unoriginal; obtained from another source
desiccate
v.dry up
discrepancy
n.lack of consistency; difference
discrete
adj.separate; unconnected