Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/41

Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Glucophage
Metformin
Oral Antidiabetic Type 2
Biguanides
Reduces gluc production by liver, enhances insulin sensitivity of tissues & improves gluc transport into cells (can cause hypoglycemia)
Dilaudid
Hydromorphone
Opioid agonist
Mod to Severe pain, & antitussive
Avg PO adult dose 4-8 mg q 3-4 hr
Atrovent
Ipratropium
Anticholinergic/bronchodilator
Inhaler/Nebulizer for COPD Intranasal spray for rhinitis, cold
Glucotrol
Sulfonylureas
Oral Antidiabetic Type 2
Increases insulin production from pancreas ( pos SE hypoglycemia & decreased effectiveness over time)
Procardia
Nifedipine
Anti-HTN, Anti-angina, (Calcium Channel Blocker)
Inhibits calcium transport into myocardial and vasc smooth musc cells, decreasing cxt
Diazepam
Valium-Benzodiazepine
antianxiety, anticonvulsant, sedative/hypnotic, centrally acting skeletal musc. relaxant
Avandia
Thiazolidinedione
Oral Antidiabetic- improves insulin sensitivity, transport,& utilization at target tissues (Does NOT cause hypoglycemia) also improves lipid profiles & BP levels
Narcan
Naloxone - Opiod Antagonist (antidote for opiods) Reversal of CNS depression from opiod OD
Celexa
Citalopram - SSRI antidepressant
Rifampin
Rifamycin - Antituberculars/ Broad spectrum antibiotic -
TX for active TB, staph., mycobact., menigitis, & prevention of H.influenzae type B
Risperdal
Risperdone - Antipsychotic
TX for schizophrenia
-Can cause Neuro malignant sydrome (fever, resp distress, tachycardia, seizures, hypo or HTN, seizures)
Bentyl
Dicylomine
Anticholinergic/Anti-spasmotic
Management of irritable Bowel syndrome (Crohne's)- decreases GI smooth musc. motility and tone
Levaquin
Levofloxacin - Antibiotic
Pantoprazole
Protonix - Gastric acid pump Inhibitor/ antiulcer agent
TX of GERD
Dilantin
Phentoin/Fosphenyoin - Anticonvulsant/Antiarrhythmmic
Alters ion transport, improves AV cxts, & may decrease synaptic transmission
TX of seizures (Grand mal & complex partial), and tx of arrhythmias assoc c cardiac gylcoside toxicity - also used for tx of neuralgia
Amaryl
2nd generation Sulfonylurea-
stims release of insulin from pancreas,decreases glycongenolysis and glucogenesis (can cause wght gain and hypoglycemia)
Aricept
Donepezil
Cholinergic / Anti-Alzheimer's
Inhibits acetlycholinesterase (enzyme that breaks down acetlycholine) which improves cholinergic function, lessens dementia
Zyprexa
Olanzapine
Antipsychotic/ Thienobenodiazepine
TX for mainic episode of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, anorexia, and behavioral problems assoc c Alzheimer's
Aldactone
Spironolactone - Diuretic
blocks action of aldosterone
(K+ sparing diuretic)
Tiazac
Diltiazem ER -Antiarrhythmic/
Anti-HTN
Ca+ Channel Blocker
Furosemide
Lasix
Loop diuretic
Zosyn
Piperacillin /Tazobactam
Extended spectrum penicillin
Zolpidem
Ambien
Sedative / Hypnotic
Clonidine
Catapres
Anti-HTN / Centrally acting adrenergic - also used for cancer pain not responding to opiods. Stims. alph-adrenergic receptors in CNS which inhibit cardioacceration & vasoconstriction centers of SNS. Also prevents pain signal transmit to CNS
Xopenex
Levalbuterol
Adrenergic / bronchodilator
Short term control of bronchospasm in reversible airway disease (inhaler, nebulizer)
Norvasc
Amlodipine
anti-HTN/ Ca+ channel blocker
Used for HTN & Angina
Lanoxin
Digoxin - Digitalis glycoside Antiarrhythmic/ Inotropic
Increases force of myocardial cxts & slows HR /Improves CO
Apical pulse taken for 1 min prior admin. of med If HR <60 in adult, <70 Child, or <90 infant hold med. Narrow therapeutic range 0.5-2ng/ml
What are the S/S of Digoxin toxicity?
In adults & children: 1st s/s abdominal pain, anorexia, N/V, visual disturbances, bradycardia, arrythmias. Infants & small child 1st s/s is arrythmias.
What is the antidote for Digoxin toxicity?
Digoxin Immune Fab (Digibind)
which binds to digoxin molecule in blood & excretes it through kidneys
Oxytocin
Pitocin, Syntocinon
Oxytocic/Hormone - IV, Used to induce labor - Intranasal, used to promote milk letdown in lactating women - also used for fetal stress test
Cromolyn
Intal, NasalCrom
Mast cell stabilizer/anti-asthmatic,allergy, cold & cough - prevents release of histamine, decreases freq. & intensity of allergic reaction
Neurontin
Gabapentin
Analgesic adjunct/ anticonvulsant
Used for partial seizures w/ or w/o 2ndary generalization
Also used for neuralgia, chronic pain, & migraines
Zocor
Simvastatin - Lipid lowering agent/ HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor - used for hypercholesterolemia & dyslipidemia
Diltiazem
Tiazac, Cardizem, Dilacor
Ca+ Channel Blocker
antianginal, antiarrhythmic, anti-HTN
Metronidazole
Flagyl
anti-infective, antiprotazoal, antiulcer agent
Warfarin
Coumadin
Anticoagulant/Coumarin
TX of venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism,
atrial fib. w/ embolization, MI, prevention of thromboembolic events.
Interferes w/ hepatic synthesis of Vit. K dependent clotting factors. (Monitor PT /INR during Tx)
Lovenox
Enoxaparin Sodium
Low Molecular Weight Heparin
Anticoagulant/Antithrombotic
Prevention of thrombi - DVT, pulmonary emboli. Prevents ischemic complications in angina & MI when used w/ aspirin
Metoclopramide
Reglan
Antiemetic - Blocks dopamine receptors in CNS, stims motility of upper GI tract & accelerates gastric emptying.
Tx of N/V, esophageal reflux, chemoTx induced emesis, & gastric stasis. Also tx for hiccups
Lopressor
Metoprolol
Anti-anginal, anti-HTN/ Beta-blocker. Management of HTN, prevention of MI. Blocks stim. of beta-1 adrenergic receptors, decreases HR & BP
Restoril
Tamazepam
Sedative-hypnotic/ Benzodiazepine
Tx for insomnia
Produces generalized depression that may be mediated by GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter
Hydrea
Hydroxyurea
Antineoplastic/Antimetabolite
Tx of head & neck CA,ovarian CA,malignant melanoma, leukemia, reduction of painful crises in sickle cell