Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/347

Click to flip

347 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AAA
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AAS
Acute Abdominal Series
ABD
abdomen
ABG
Arterial Blood Gas
AC
before eating
ACLS
Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADH
Anti-Diuretic Hormone
ad lib
as desired;
at liberty
AF
atrial fibrillation;
afebrile
AFB
Acid-Fast Bacilli
A/G
Albumin/globulin ratio
AI
Aortic Insuffiency
AKA
Above the knee amputation
ALL
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Amb
ambulate
AML
Acute Myelongenous Leukemia
ANA
AntiNuclear Antibody
AOB
Alcohol On Breath
AODM
Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitus
AP
anteroposterior;
abdominal-perineal
ARDS
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ARF
Acute Renal Failure
AS
Aortic Stenosis
ASAP
As Soon As Possible
ASCVD
Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
ASD
Atrial Septal Defect
ASHD
Atherosclerotic Heart Disease
AV
Atrioventricular
BBB
Bundle Branch Block
BCAA
Branched Chain Amino Acids
BE
Barium Enema
BEE
Basal Energy Expenditure
BID
Twice A day
BKA
Below the knee amputation
BM
Bone Marrow;
Bowel Movement
BMR
Basal Metabolic Rate
BOM
Bilateral Otitis Media
BP
Blood Pressure
BPH
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPM
Beats Per minute
BRBPR
Bright red blood per rectum
BRP
bathroom priviledges
BS
bowel;
breath sounds
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
BW
body weight
BX
biopsy
c
with
C&S
Culture and Sensitivity
CA
cancer
Ca
Calcium
CA
crystalline amino acids
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CAT
computerized axial tomography
CBC
complete blood count
CBG
capillary blood gas
CC
cheif complaint
CCU
clean catch urine;
cardiac care unit
CCV
critical closing volume
CF
cystic fibrosis
CGL
Chronic granulocytic leukemia
CHF
congestive heart failure
CHO
carbohydrate
CI
cardiac index
CML
Chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV
cytomegalovirus
CN
cranial nerves
CNS
central nervous system
CO
cardiac output
C/O
complaining of
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP
cheast pain;
cerebral palsy
CPAP
continuous positiveairway pressure
CPK
creatinine phosphokinase
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRCL
creatinine clearance
CRF
Chronic renal failure
CRP
C-reactive Protein
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CT
computerized tomography
CVA
cerebrovascular acident;
costovertebral angle
CVAT
CVA tenderness
CVP
central venous pressure
CXR
chest x-ray
DAT
diet as tolerated
DAW
dispense as written
DC
discontinue;
discharge
D&C
dilation and cureetage
Ddx
differential diagnosis
D5W
5% dextrose in water
DI
diabetes insipidus
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIP
distal interphalangeal joint
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
DL
deciliter
DM
diabetes mellitus
DNR
do not resuscitate
DOA
dead on arrival
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DPL
diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT
diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
DVT
deep venous thrombosis
DX
diagnosis
EAA
essential amino acids
EBL
estimated blood loss
ECG
electrocardiogram
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
EFAD
essential fatty acid deficiency
EMG
electromyogram
EMV
eyes, motor, verbal response
(glasgow coma sacle)
ENT
ear, nose, and throat
EOM
extraocular muscles
ESR
erythrocyte sediimentation rate
ET
endotracheal
ETT
endotracheal tube
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography
ETOH
ethanol
EUA
examination under anesthesia
FBS
fasting blood sugar
FEV
forced expriatory volume
FFP
fresh frozen plasma
FRC
functional residual capacity
FTT
failure to thirve
FU
follow up
FUO
fever of unknown origin
FVC
forced vital capicity
Fx
fracture
GC
gonorrhea
GETT
general by endo tracheal tube
GFR
glomerular filtration rate
GI
gastrointestinal
Gr
grain
A grain is equal to how many milligrams?
65 mg
V Gr
five grains
How many milligrams are in 5 grains?
325 mg
GSW
gun shot wound
gt or gtt
drops
GTT
glucose tolerance test
GU
genitourinary
GXT
graded exercise tolerace (stress test)
What is another name for a stress test?
graded exercise tolerance
HA
headache
HAA
hepatitis B surface antigen
HAV
hepatitis A virus
HBP
high blood pressure
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HCT
hematocrit
HDL
high density lipoprotein
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
Hgb
hemoglobin
H/H
henderson hasselbach equation;
hemoglobin/hematocrit
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
HLA
histocompatibility locus antigen
HJR
hepatojugular reflex
HO
history of
HOB
head of bead
HPF
high power field
HPI
history of present illness
HR
heart rate
HS
at bedtime
HSM
hepatosplenomegaly
HTLV-III
human lymphotropic virus, type III, (AIDS agent, HIV)
HSV
herpes simplex virus
HTN
hypertension
Hx
history
I&D
incision and drainage
I&O
intake and output
ICS
intercostal space
ICU
intensive care unit
ID
infectious diesase;
identification
IDDM
insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
IG
immunoglobulin
IHSS
idiopathic hypertropic subaortic stenosis
IM
intramuscular
IMV
intermittent mandatory ventilation
INF
intravenous nutritional fluid
IPPB
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRBBB
incomplete right bundle branch block
IRDM
insulin resistant diabetes mellitus
IT
interthecal
ITP
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purura
IV
intravenous
IVC
intravenous cholangiogram;
inferior vena cava
IVP
intravenous pyelogram;
intravenous push
JODM
juvenile onset diabetes mellitus
JVD
jugular venous distention
KOR
keep open rate
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
KVO
keep vein open
L
left
LAD
left axis deviation;
left anterior descending
LAE
left atrial enlargement
LAHB
left anterior hemiblock
LAP
left atrial pressure ;
leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LBBB
left bundle branch block
LDH
lactate dehydrogenease
LE
lupus erythematosus
LIH
left inguinal hernia
LLL
left lower lobe
LMP
last menstrual period
LNMP
last normal menstrual period
LOC
loss of consciousness;
level of consciousness
LP
lumbar puncture
LPN
licensed practical nurse
LUL
left upper quadrant
LV
left ventricle
LVEDP
left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVH
left ventricular hypertrophy
MAO
monoamine oxidase
MAP
mean arterial pressure
MAST
medical antishock trousers
MBT
maternal blood type
MCH
mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC
mean cell hemoglobin concentration
MCV
mean cell volume
MI
myocardial infarction;
mitral insufficiency
mL
milliliter
MLE
midline episiotomy
MMEF
maximal mid expiratory flow mmol millimole
MMR
measles, mumps, rubella
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA
methcillin resistant staph aureus
MS
multiple sclerosis;
mitralstenosis;
morphine sulfate
MSSA
methcillin-sensitive staph aureus
MVA
motor vehicle accident
MVI
multivitamin injection
MVV
maximum voluntary ventilation
NAD
no active disease
NAS
no added salt
NCV
nerve conduction velocity
NED
noevidence of recurrent disease
ng
nanogram
NG
nasogastric
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA
no known allergies
NKDA
no known drug allergies
NMR
nuclear magnetic resonance
NPO
nothing by mouth
NRM
no regular medications
NSAID
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
NT
nasotracheal
OB
obstetrics
OCG
oral cholecystogram
OD
overdose;
right eye
OM
otitis media
OOB
out of bed
OPV
oral polio vaccine
OR
operating room
OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
P
para
PA
posteroanterior
PAC
premature atrial contraction
PAO2
alveolar oxygen
PaO2
peripheral arterial oxygen content
PAP
pulmonary artery pressure
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
P&PD
percussion and postural drainage
PC
after eating
PCWP
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PDR
physicians desk referance
PE
pulmonary embolus;
physical exam;pleural effusion
PEEP
positive end expiratory prseeure
PFT
pulmonary function tests
pg
picogram
PI
pulmonic insuffieciency diesase
PKU
phenylketonuria
PMH
precious medical history
PMI
point of maximal impulse
PMN
polymorphonuclear leukocyte (neutrophil)
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PO
by mouth
POD
post-op day
PP
postprandial;
pulsus paradoxus
PPD
purified protein derivative
PR
per rectum
PRBC
packed red blood cells
PRN
as needed
PS
pulmonic stenosis
PT
prothrombin time;
physical therapy
Pt
patient
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH
parathyroid hormone
PTHC
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
PVD
peripheral vascular disease
q
every
qd
every day
qh
every hour
q4h, q6h etc.
every 4 hours;
every 6 hours
qid
four times a day
QNS
quantity not sufficient
qod
every other day
Qs/Qt
shunt fraction
Qt
total cardiac output
R
right
RA
rheumatoid arthritis;
right atrium
RAD
right atrial axis deviation
RAE
right atrial enlargement
RAP
right atrial pressure
RBBB
right bundle branch block
RBC
red blood cell
RBP
retinol-binding protein
RDA
recommended daily allowance
RDW
red cell distribution width
RIA
radioimmunoassay
RIH
right inguinal hernia
RLL
right lower lobe
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RML
right middle lobe
RNA
ribonucleic acid
R/O
rule out
ROM
range of motion
ROS
review of systems
RPG
retrograde pyelogram
RRR
regular rate and rythem
RT
respiratory or radiation therapy
RTA
Renal Tubular Acidosis
RTC
return to clinic
RU
resin uptake
RUG
retrograde urethogram
RUL
right upper quadrent
RV
residual volume
RVH
right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx
treatment
s
without
ss
one-half
SA
sinoatrial
SAA
synthetic amino acid
S&E
sugar and acetone
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBFT
small bowel follow through
SBS
short bowel syndrome
SCr
serum creatinine
SEM
systolic ejection murmur
SG
Swan-Ganz
SGA
small for gestational age
SGGT
serum-gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
SGOT
serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase