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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 objectives of first aid
save life, prevent further injury, prevent infection
methods of controling bleeding
dirrect pressure, elevation, pressure points, and last resort tourniquet
examples of pressure points
temple
jaw
neck
collar bone
inner upper arm
inner elbow
wrist
upper thigh
groin
knee
ankle
symptoms of shock
vacant or lackluster eyes, shallow or irregular breathing, cold pale skin
nausea
weak or absent pulse
treatment for shock
lay down
feet elevated
maintain body heat
calm the victim
classifications of burns
1st degree- mildest
2nd degree- red blistered skin severe pain
3rd degree- destroyed tissue, skin, and bone and severe pain
symptoms of heat exhaustion
skin is cool, moist and clammy
pupils dilated
normal body temp
sweating
treatment of heat exhaustion
move victim to cool area
loosen clothing
apply cool wet cloth
fan victim
symptoms of heat stroke
hot/ dry skin
uneven pupil dilation
weak rapid pulse
treatment of heat stroke
reduce heat with cold water
apply cold towels
move to coolest place possible
maintain open airway
difference between open and closed fracture
open- open wound in skin bone may be protruding
closed- internal broken bone
personnel rescure from electrical shock
do not touch victim's body
turn off electrical current
remove victim from wire
treatment for electrical shock
CPR
methods for clearing obstructed airway
hymlic manuver
effects of hypothermia
pale
unconcious
slow breathing
faint pulse
tissue feels semi rigid
treatment of hypothermia
wrap in warm blankets
do not give hot drinks
superficial frostbite
ice crystals form in upper skin layers
deep frostbite
ice forming in the deeper tissues
treatment for deep frost bite
get victim indoors
place in warm water or with hot water bottles
never rub area
personnel rescure from electrical shock
do not touch victim's body
turn off electrical current
remove victim from wire
treatment for electrical shock
CPR
methods for clearing obstructed airway
hymlic manuver
effects of hypothermia
pale
unconcious
slow breathing
faint pulse
tissue feels semi rigid
treatment of hypothermia
wrap in warm blankets
do not give hot drinks
superficial frostbite
ice crystals form in upper skin layers
deep frostbite
ice forming in the deeper tissues
treatment for deep frost bite
get victim indoors
place in warm water or with hot water bottles
never rub area