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7 Cards in this Set

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Laws that are created by Congress or a state legislature.
Statutes

Note:
Interpretation and application are often difficult.
The doctrine of government where states are united under one central authority while retaining certain regulatory powers
Federalism
Process by which the U.S. Contstitution establishes a Congress and gives it power to legislate in certain areas, provides for a chief executive to execute the laws, and helps create a federal judiciary to interpret the laws.
Separation of Powers.
Model statutes drafted by private dobies of lawyers and/or scholars.
Uniform Acts

Note:
They do not become law until they are enacted by a legislature.

There aim is to produce state-by-state uniformity on the subjects they address.
The doctrine that means "let the decision stand".
Stare Decisis
Also called judge-made law or case law, it is the law made and applied by judges as they decide cases not governed by statutes or other types of law.
Common Law

Note:

In theory, the common law exists at the state level only.
Type of Law that exists at the state AND federal levels and have two general funcions.
Constitutions