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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
“The universe is made up of stories, not of atoms.”
Muriel Rukeyser
5 types of organization for speech
Chronological order
Spatial order
Causal order
Problem-solution order
Topical order
connects the ideas of a speech
Types of Connectives
Internal preview
Internal summary
Transition Connectives
A word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another.
Internal Preview Connectives
A statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next.
Internal Summary Connectives
A statement in the body of the speech that summarizes the speaker’s preceding point or points.
Signpost Connectives
A very brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key ideas.
Crescendo Ending
A conclusion in which the speech builds to a zenith of power and intensity.
Dissolve Ending
A conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement.
Preparation Outline
A detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography of a speech.
Visual Framework
The symbolization and indentation in a speech outline that shows the relationships among the ideas of the speech.
Speaking Outline or Key Word Outline
A brief outline used to jog a speaker’s memory during the presentation.
“God gives every bird its food, but he does not throw it into the nest.”
- J.G. Holland
"Achievement seems to be connected with action. Successful men and women keep moving. They make mistakes, but they don't quit."
Conrad Hilton
A specific case used to illustrate or represent a group of people, ideas, conditions, experiences, or the like.
Types of Examples
Brief examples
Extended examples
Hypothetical examples
Brief Example
A specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point.
Extended Example
A story, narrative, or anecdote developed at some length to illustrate a point.
Hypothetical Example
An example that describes an imaginary or fictitious situation.
Types of Testimony
peer (lay)
Peer or (Lay) Testimony –
from the experience of ordinary people and is a personal testimony.
Prestige Testimony –
support from a respected or admired public person
“I was brought up to believe that the only thing worth doing was to add to the sum of accurate information in the world.”
Margaret Mead
“Trust your gut!”
Barbara Walters