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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Functions of gastrin
Increase gastric acid secretion
Increase growth of gastric mucosa
Increase gastric motility
Source of gastrin and location of cells
G cells in antrum of stomach
Stimulators of gastrin
Phenylalanine, tryptophan, Calcium
Cholecystokinin functions
Increase pancreatic secretion, Increase gallbladder contraction, Decrease gastric emptying, Increase sphincter of Oddi relaxation
Cholecystokinin source and location
I cells in the duodenum and jejunum.
Secretin function
Increase pancreatic HCO3 secretion
Decrease gastric acid secretion
Increase bile secretion
Secretin cells and location
S cells in the duodenum
Somatostatin cells and location
D cells in the pancreatic islets and GI mucosa
Glucose-dependent Insulinotropic Peptide other name and function
Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
More insulin, less acid
Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide function
Increases intestinal water and electrolyte secretion
Increases relaxation of intestinal smooth muscle and sphincters
Motilin function
Produces migrating motor complexes
Intrinsic factor from what cells
Parietal cells
Gastric acid regulation
Increased by histamine, ACh, gastrin
Dereased by somatostatin, GIP, prostaglandin, secretin
Pepsinogen converted to pepsin
Where iron absorption occurs
Where folate absorption occurs
Where B12 absorption occurs
Specialized cells found in Peyer's patches
M Cells
Enzyme to conjugate bilirubin
Uridine glucoronyl transferase
Retroperitoneal Structures
Suprarenals, Aorta and IVC, Duodenum 2nd-4th, Pancreas, Ureters, Colon ascending and descending, Kidneys, Esophagus, Rectum
Contains the Ligamentum Teres
Falciform ligament
Contains the portal triad
Hepatoduodenal ligament
Gastrohepatic ligament contains these
Gastric arteries
Gastroepiploic arteries contained in this structure
Gastrocolic ligament
Gastrosplenic connects these organs and holds these
Greater curvature of stomach to spleen; Short gastrics contained
Splenorenal connects these
Spleen to posterior abdominal wall
Layers of gut wall from inside to out
Lamina propria, Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis Propria, Serosa/Adventitia
Folds that increase surface area in Small Intestine and Large Intestine
Plicae circularis in small intestine; Haustra in large intestine
Structures supplied by the celiac artery
foregut: stomach, prox duodenum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen
Structures supplied by SMA
Distal duodenum to proximal 2/3 transverse colon
Structures supplied by IMA
Distal 1/3 of transverse colon to upper portion of rectum
Branches of celiac trunk
Splenic artery
Common Hepatic Artery
Left Gastric Artery
Branches of Splenic artery
Short Gastric Arteries
Left Gastroomental Artery
Branches of Common Hepatic artery
Hepatic Artery Proper
Gastroduodenal Artery
Right Gastric Artery
Branches of Gastroduodenal artery
Right gastroomental
Superior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery
Above the pectinate line
Internal hemorrhoids,non painful. Cancer here would be adenocarcinoma
Below the pectinate line
External hemorrhoids, painful. Cancer here would be squamous cell carcinoma caused by HPV 16, 18, 31