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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
baby talk
one of the many names for the speech register used with young children. the term is sometimes used to refer to the speech of young children as well.
biological capactity
innate factors which are those present in the organism by virtue of its genetic make up
comment
an early communicative function in which an infant calls a caregivers attention to somethign in the surroundings ofren by gesturing or pointing
communicative functions
the purposes for which language is used. for instance even in infants use lang. to express rejection requests and comments
communicative temptation tasks
tasks designed to elict communication efforts from an infant
controlling interactional style
a way of talking to infants that is intrusive, constantly redirecting the child's attention in constrast to a responsive style
infant directed speech
speech directed at infant that contains special modifications
format
Vygotskyian theory that adults are thought to provide intellutual interaction that serves as a scaffold or format that makes it possible for children to develop at a much faster rate than they could without this helping intervention
gaze coupling
a type of mutual eye contact that is very important to caregivers in establishing the original affective bond with the infant
imperative communicative function
an early communicative function in which an infant indicates that she wants the caregiver to perform some action
intentional communication
any communicative act that an indiviual engages in purposefully
intrusive interactional style
a way of interacting with an infant in which the caregiver is constantly controlling and redirecting the child's attention
joint attention
situation in which two indiviuals are paying attention to the same thing at the same time
low structured observation
a method of studying young children that often relies upon free play with a standard set of toys
MacArthur communicative development inventories
norms that are available for varouis aspects of lang. development, based on a large study that collected mothers' reports on their children's communicative behaviors. there are two scales, one for infants and one for toddlers
means-end concept
children at stage 4 of the piagets sensorimotor stage of cognitive development begin to understand causality and learn to communicate intenionally, lending suppport to the notion that certain cognitive developments might be prerequisities to lang. acquistion
Piagetian Stage 4
a substage of the sensorimotor period of cognitive development that occurs b/t eight and twelve months when infants beginto understand the relation b/t actions and outcomes.
prelinguistic
occuring before the infant can speak
prosodic features
aspects of the speech stream, such as stress and intonation, that convey differences in the meaning of words or sentences
protoword
a sequence of sounds that has a realtively consistent meaning but is not necessarily based on any adult word.
rejection
one of the communcative functions seen in infants the purposeful termination of an interaction
responsive interactional style
manner of interacting with an infant that allows the infant to set the pace and determine the topics engaged in.
sensitive interactional style
a way of interacting with a lang. learning child that takes its lead from the child's interest. for instance the parent labels what the child is pointing at
social cognition
knowledge about other people that makes interpersonal interaction possible
structured observation
a research design that imposes some consistency on observation by keeping some things constant, for instance by bringing children into a lab playroom and giving them each the same toys