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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
interpersonal relationship
a connection between two people that is based on their interpersonal communication
a set of interconnected elements in which a change in one element affects all the other elements
relationship of circumstance
interpersonal relationship that exists because of life circumstances (who our family members are, where you work or study, and so on)
relationship of choice
interpersonal relationship you choose to initiate, maintain, and terminate
interpersonal intimacy
the degree to which a person's sense of self is accepted and confirmed by another person in a relationship
interpersonal attraction
the degree to which you are motivated to form or maintain an interpersonal relationship
short-term initial attraction
degree to which you sense a potential for an interpersonal relationship
long-term maintenance attraction
a liking or positive feeling that motivates you to sustain a relationship
physical attraction
the degree to which you find another person's physical appearance appealing
physical nearness to another
having comparable personalities, values, upbringing, personal experiences, attitudes, and interests
complementary needs
needs that match, such that one partner contributs something to the relationship the other partner needs
predicted outcome value theory
theory that people are most attracted to those relationships that potentially have greater rewards or benefits that costs
reciprocation of liking
we like people who like us
interpersonal power
ability in an interpersonal relationship to influence another person in the direction one desires
dependent relationship
a relationship in which one partner has a greater need for the other to meet his or her needs
interdependent relationship
a relationship in which each person has a similar amount of power over the other
complementary relationship
relationship in whih power id divided unevenly, with one partner dominating and the other person submitting
symmetric relationship
relationship in which both partners attempt to have the same level of power
competitive symmetric relationship
relationship in which both partners vie for control or dominance of the other
submissive symmetric relationship
relationship in which neither partner wants to take control or make decisions
parallel relationship
relationship in which power shifts back and forth between the partners, depending on the situation
legitmat power
power that is based on respect for a person's position
referent power
power that comes from our attraction to another person, or the charisma a person possesses
expert power
power based on a person's knowledge and experience
reward power
power based on a person's ability to satisfy our needs
coercive power
power baed on the use of sanctions or punishments to influence others
triangular theory of love
theory that suggests that all loving relationships can be described according to three dimensions: intimacy, commitment, and passion
sexual, erotic love based on the pursuit of physical beauty and pleasure
game-playing love based on the enjoyment of another
solid love found in friendships and family, based on trust and caring
obsessive love driven by mutual needs
practival love based on mutual benefits
selfless love based on giving yourself for others
traditional couples
married partners who are interdependent and who exhibit a lot of sharing and companionship
independent couples
married partners who exhibit sharing and companionship and are psychologically interdepenent but allow each other individual space
separate couples
married partners who support the notion of marriage and family but stress the individual over the couple
mixed couples
married couples in which the husband and wife each adopt a different perspective (traditional, independent, separate) on the marriage