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28 Cards in this Set

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Culture
A group of people with a sense of belonging who are in it together for the distance
Culture Shock
Differences in someone’s cultural styles that invalidate a person’s ability to accurately make predictions about how others will behave
Intercultural Communicative Competence
Being able to function in the new culture
Cognitive Dissonance
Invalidation of stereotypes
Pre-Departure Orientation
Find out what to expect and what contingencies are available to resolve unexpected problems
Communication Accommodation Theory
Formal name for the theory of mutual gravitation toward the other
Convergence
When we try to change our communication style in the direction of someone else’s communication style
Divergence
Movement away from the communication style of the other to be different
Tolerance of ambiguity
Letting down your guard to save face with language differences in another country
High uncertainty avoidance
Suggests intolerance for ambiguity, doing everything possible to prevent uncertainty
Cultural Re-entry Shock
When a traveler returns home, they see their home country and culture as a foreign culture where they no longer fit
Low Context Culture
Needs of individual are seen as separate from the group and if forced to choose, individual needs come first; “I” identity
Low Power Distance
Type of country that value independence, loose supervision, consultative management, friendly disagreement, positive value of wealth and reward, and legitimate and expert power
High Power Distance
Type of country that values conformity; close supervision; autocratic, paternalistic managers; conflict avoidance; negative association with wealth; prefer coercive referent power; with more centralization and broader acceptance of authority
Implicit Personality Theory
Generalize the attributions we have made about the other to the entire person
High Context Culture
Suggests that there is a densely layered support network of people that shores up everyone else; “We” identity; Fate of individual is dependant on the group; Collectivism
Implicit Personality Theory
Generalize the attributions we have made about the other to the entire person
High uncertainty avoidance
Suggests intolerance for ambiguity, doing everything possible to prevent uncertainty
Low uncertainty avoidance
Welcome change, have high personal motivation to achieve, encourage greater risk-taking
Negative Face
Emphasizes your own autonomy, rights, and obligations
Positive Face
Focuses on maintenance of social identity
Monochromic Time Orientation
Deadlines and appointments count
Polychronic Time Orientation
Things get done slowly, but they get done
Independent self-construal
Encourages people to stress their uniqueness, autonomy, and to stand up for their own beliefs
Interdependent self-construal
Focuses on the importance of fitting in and is based on relationships with others
Universalist Approach
Discover universal nomothetic laws which govern and explain human behavior
Integrationist Approach
Attempts to test theories of behavior using local knowledge to arrive at verifiable reality
Indigenous Approach
Based on the belief that reliance on theories of communication which were developed in the west can distort understanding of other cultures