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29 Cards in this Set

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Societal Level of Socialization
means of perpetuating the group and society and transmitting culture
Individual Level of Socialization
assists self-concept development and individuals’ learning to negotiate identities
Pivotal category of social role expectations
critical to the successful enactment of the role
Relevant category of social role expectations
important to role success, but individuals can act on certain expectations and not others and still be successful overall
Peripheral category of social role expectations
has little bearing on role success
Agents of Soclailization
Family; educataional institutions; mass media
First Stage: Anticipatory Socialization
“Getting in”; Both the organization and the employee develop expectations about the other
Second Stage: Accommodation
“Breaking in”; Focuses on the importance of interpersonal relationships in the work group
Third Stage: Role Management
“Settling in”;
Two conflicts resolved by Role Management
Conflict between work in the new organization and life interests outside of work; Conflicts in the workplace itself
Investiture Socialization
Occurs when organizations positively reinforce new members’ existing skills, values and attitudes
Divestiture Socialization
Occurs when organizations seek to erase recruits’ self-identities and recreate the identity in the organization’s image
Formal-Informal Strategies
the extent to which newcomers are segregated (physically or symbolically) from members and undergo a set of experiences designed specifically for them
Formal Socialization
Undergo training and learn a fixed set of materials, and they may not be allowed to integrate with incumbent members until they’ve competed their training or passed certain tests
Informal Socialization
Less likely to receive training, are more likely to learn how the organization works, and learn about job related materials on their own; Sink or Swim approach
Collective socialization
Occurs when newcomers undergo common learning experiences as a group
Individual Socialization
Provides newcomers with unique, individualistic sets of learning experiences
Sequential Socialization
Refers to a sequence of discrete and identifiable steps leading to role competence which are made known to newcomers
Random Socialization
Occurs when the steps leading to the role competence are unknown, ambiguous, or continually changing
Fixed Socialization
Occurs when there is a definite timetable attached to steps within the socialization process
Variable Socialization
Newcomers have few clues to how long a certain indoctrination will take
Serial Socialization
Experienced members service as role models for newcomers who are about to assume similar kinds of positions
Disjunctive Socialization
Occurs when newcomers have neither role models nor recent predecessors to guide their role learning
Values
organized mental structures composed of cognitive, evaluative, and prescriptive components
Identities
who we are in society, what roles we are to play
Custodial Response
Occurs when individuals accept the pivotal, relevant, and peripheral expectations for the role without modification
Innovative Response
Individuals adhere to the pivotal expectations, accept some of the relevant expectations, and reject most of the peripheral expectations
Rebellion Response
Rejecting pivotal, relevant, and peripheral responses
Socialization
The ways in which individuals learn skills, knowledge, values, motives, and roles appropriate to their position in a group or society