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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inherited Communication
genetically determined patterns of behavior like those used by insects.
Learned Communication
associating signs in the environment with events or meanings
sound rules
meanings of sounds, words or letters
General Semantics
diminishes misunderstandings between people
subscripting or dating words to show that their meanings can change over time
Static Evaluations
mistaken assumptions that people or things are consistent and never change
putting meanings together into coherent patterns
describe how ordinary people use language to accomplish everyday tasks
Speech Act Theory
determining whether a question is either a request or a question
the “shoulds” and “should nots” of language
Standard Language
Correct grammar, crisply enunciated, and delivered carefully
Non-Standard Language
Dialects, slang
the thing the symbol refers to
Idiomatic Communication
the special “codes” we have with intimate friends
Personal Idioms
words, phrases, or gestures what have unique meanings not understood by outsiders
the images, ideas and the feelings we associate with a symbol and its referent
convention definitions we give symbols
the unique, subjective responses to events, objects, people, and situations
The Semantic Triangle
theoretical perspective for understanding the tie between symbols and the referents they represent as well as the meanings we apply to them
Inferential Process
using the context and responses of others to interpret the connotations and dentations for NEW symbols
Coordinated Management of Meaning
theoretical perspective that describes how communicators construct inferences
reflective of a speaker’s character and experience
Symbolic Interactionism Theory
explains how the ability to share symbols with others helps us come to know ourselves
Speech Community Theory
explains that groups of people develop distinctive ways of using language
Opinionated Language
indicates the speaker’s attitude toward a topic and toward listeners who either agree or disagree
Language Intensity
degree to which speakers deviate from neutrality on a topic
sexually explicit slang
religious terms used as slang
using vocabulary for bodily waste and functions as slang
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
language expresses our ideas and also shapes them
Political Correctness
Changing our labels for people and events will help us change our perceptions and increase sensitivity to the views of non-dominant groups in our society
substituting vague terms for concrete ones; saying, but no saying, what we really mean
conventionally “polite” terms substituted for straghtforeward ones
purposely using words which are subject for two or more interpretations
Information Manipulation Theory
we can supply information equivocally when we don’t want to disclose the full truth
Gender Roles
social expectations for the behaviors of each sex
Interactional Theory
describes how power is evidenced in our messages
One-up messages
the speaker has power over the receiver
One-down messages
the speaker accepts an inferior social position by giving the receiver power
Code Switching
EX: Controlling negative language in front of parents
adapting your own verbal and nonverbal communication to be more similar to your partner
accenting or emphasizing the differences between communicators
keeping your own style, without any recognition of the differences between you and your partner
Information Manipulation Theory
Explains that we can supply information quivocally when we don't want to disclose the full truth
Ability to switch from one language to another